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See also:
U+9F66, 齦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F66

[U+9F65]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F67]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 211 +6, 21 strokes, cangjie input 卜山日女 (YUAV), four-corner 27732, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1534, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48649
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2072, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4794, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9F66

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *ŋɯn
*ŋrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːn
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰuːn
*ɡlɯːnʔ, *kɯːnʔ, *kɯːns
*kɯːn
*kɯːn
*kɯːn, *kɯːns, *ŋrɯn
*kɯːns
*kɯːns
*kʰɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ
*ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn
泿 *ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːnʔ
*ɡɯːns
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (31) (29) (29)
Final () (57) (53) (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨn/ /kʰənX/ /kʰˠɛnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɨn/ /kʰənX/ /kʰᵚænX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiən/ /kʰənX/ /kʰænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨn/ /kʰənX/ /kʰəɨnX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiən/ /kʰənX/ /kʰɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭən/ /kʰənX/ /kʰænX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ən/ /kʰənX/ /kʰănX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yín kěn qiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 3913 3928 3945
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰrɯːnʔ/ /*kʰɯːnʔ/ /*ŋɯn/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. gum (flesh around teeth)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 牙齦 (“gum; gingiva”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 牙齦齒齦
Mandarin Beijing 牙花子牙床
Taiwan 牙床牙齦
Harbin 牙花子
Jinan 牙花子
Muping 牙花子
Luoyang 牙床牙圪陵兒
Jiedian 牙山
Ronghe 牙花子
Xi'an 牙床子
Xining 牙花子牙關子
Xuzhou 牙根子
Yinchuan 牙床子
Lanzhou 牙花子
Ürümqi 牙床子牙花子
Wuhan 牙包
Chengdu 牙床
Guiyang 牙根
Guilin 牙根
Liuzhou 牙肉牙床
Yangzhou 牙花子牙板子
Nanjing 牙花
Nantong 牙齦子
Cantonese Guangzhou 牙肉
Hong Kong 牙肉
Dongguan 牙床牙齦
Hong Kong (Weitou) 牙肉
Taishan 牙肉
Nanning 牙肉
Wuzhou 牙肉
Yulin 牙肉牙根
Hepu 牙肉
Kuala Lumpur 牙肉
Gan Nanchang 牙疆
Lichuan 牙腮肉牙腮牙床肉牙床
Pingxiang 牙筋肉牙腮肉
Hakka Meixian 牙床肉
Xingning 牙床肉
Huidong 牙床肉
Qujiang 牙脣肉
Xiaosanjiang 牙藤
Luchuan 牙根牙肉
Changting 牙舷肉
Pingyu 牙琴肉
Wuping 牙騎肉
Ninghua 牙門肉牙齦肉
Yudu 牙查肉牙床肉
Ruijin 牙齒肉
Shicheng 牙㿸肉牙䫧
Shangyou 牙撬肉牙䫧
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 牙倉肉
Liudui (S. Sixian) 牙倉肉
Hsinchu (Hailu) 牙倉肉
Dongshi (Dabu) 牙齦肉
Zhuolan (Raoping) 牙倉肉
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 牙槽
Hong Kong 牙倉肉
Sabah 牙框肉
Senai 牙倉肉
Singkawang 牙倉肉
Huizhou Jixi 牙叉肉
Jin Taiyuan 牙床子
Xinzhou 牙花子牙床
Min Bei Jian'ou 牙槽牙齦
Min Dong Fuzhou 牙齦
Changle 牙齦
Fuqing 齒座
Yongtai 牙齦
Gutian 喙齒齦
Fu'an 齒座
Ningde 喙齒齦
Shouning 喙齒齦
Zhouning 喙齒齦
Fuding 牙齒齦
Min Nan Xiamen 齒仁齒岸
Zhangzhou 齒仁齒岸
Taipei 齒岸
Kaohsiung 牙槽
Tainan 齒岸
Taichung 齒岸
Wuqi 齒岸
Hsinchu 齒岸
Taitung 齒岸
Lukang 齒岸
Yilan 牙槽齒岸
Magong 齒岸
Johor Bahru 齒齦
Haikou 齒牙齦
Puxian Min Putian 齒囤
Xianyou 齒囤
Pinghua Nanning 牙床牙肉
Wu Shanghai 牙床牙床骨牙肉
Suzhou 牙肉
Hangzhou 牙床肉兒
Wenzhou 牙床肉
Chongming 牙齦
Danyang 牙連肉
Jinhua 牙床肉
Ningbo 牙肉
Xiang Changsha 牙齦子
Loudi 牙群肉
Quanzhou 牙床

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(ha, teeth) +‎ (kuki, stem)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はぐき, rōmaji haguki)

  1. gum (flesh around teeth)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.