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See also:
U+9F66, 齦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F66

[U+9F65]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F67]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 211, +6, 21 strokes, cangjie input 卜山日女 (YUAV), four-corner 27732, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1534, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48649
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2072, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4794, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9F66

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *ŋɯn
*ŋrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːn
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰuːn
*ɡlɯːnʔ, *kɯːnʔ, *kɯːns
*kɯːn
*kɯːn
*kɯːn, *kɯːns, *ŋrɯn
*kɯːns
*kɯːns
*kʰɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ
*ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn
泿 *ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːnʔ
*ɡɯːns
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (31) (29) (29)
Final () (57) (53) (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨn/ /kʰənX/ /kʰˠɛnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɨn/ /kʰənX/ /kʰᵚænX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiən/ /kʰənX/ /kʰænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨn/ /kʰənX/ /kʰəɨnX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiən/ /kʰənX/ /kʰɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭən/ /kʰənX/ /kʰænX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ən/ /kʰənX/ /kʰănX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yín kěn qiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 3913 3928 3945
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰrɯːnʔ/ /*kʰɯːnʔ/ /*ŋɯn/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. gum (flesh around teeth)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 牙齦 (“gum; gingiva”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 牙齦, 齒齦
Mandarin Beijing 牙花子, 牙床
Taiwan 牙床, 牙齦
Harbin 牙花子
Jinan 牙花子
Muping 牙花子
Luoyang 牙床, 牙圪陵兒
Jiedian 牙山
Ronghe 牙花子
Xi'an 牙床子
Xining 牙花子, 牙關子
Xuzhou 牙根子
Yinchuan 牙床子
Lanzhou 牙花子
Ürümqi 牙床子, 牙花子
Wuhan 牙包
Chengdu 牙床
Guiyang 牙根
Guilin 牙根
Liuzhou 牙肉, 牙床
Yangzhou 牙花子, 牙板子
Nanjing 牙花
Nantong 牙齦子
Cantonese Guangzhou 牙肉
Hong Kong 牙肉, 牙床
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 牙肉
Taishan 牙肉
Dongguan 牙床, 牙齦
Nanning 牙肉
Wuzhou 牙肉
Yulin 牙肉, 牙根
Hepu 牙肉
Kuala Lumpur 牙肉
Gan Nanchang 牙疆
Lichuan 牙腮肉, 牙腮, 牙床肉, 牙床
Pingxiang 牙筋肉, 牙腮肉
Hakka Meixian 牙床肉
Xingning 牙床肉
Huidong 牙床肉
Qujiang 牙脣肉
Xiaosanjiang 牙藤
Luchuan 牙根, 牙肉
Changting 牙舷肉
Pingyu 牙琴肉
Wuping 牙騎肉
Ninghua 牙門肉, 牙齦肉
Yudu 牙查肉, 牙床肉
Ruijin 牙齒肉
Shicheng 牙㿸肉, 牙䫧
Shangyou 牙撬肉, 牙䫧
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 牙倉肉
Liudui (S. Sixian) 牙倉肉
Hsinchu (Hailu) 牙倉肉
Dongshi (Dabu) 牙齦肉
Hsinchu (Raoping) 牙倉肉
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 牙槽
Hong Kong 牙倉肉
Sabah 牙框肉
Senai 牙倉肉
Singkawang 牙倉肉
Huizhou Jixi 牙叉肉
Jin Taiyuan 牙床子
Xinzhou 牙花子, 牙床
Min Bei Jian'ou 牙槽, 牙齦
Min Dong Fuzhou 牙齦
Changle 牙齦
Fuqing 齒座
Yongtai 牙齦
Gutian 喙齒齦
Fu'an 齒座
Ningde 喙齒齦
Shouning 喙齒齦
Zhouning 喙齒齦
Fuding 牙齒齦
Min Nan Xiamen 齒仁, 齒岸
Zhangzhou 齒仁, 齒岸
Taipei 齒岸
Kaohsiung 牙槽
Tainan 齒岸
Taichung 齒岸
Wuqi 齒岸
Hsinchu 齒岸
Taitung 齒岸
Lukang 齒岸
Yilan 牙槽, 齒岸
Magong 齒岸
Johor Bahru 齒齦
Haikou 齒牙齦
Puxian Min Putian 齒囤
Xianyou 齒囤
Pinghua Nanning 牙床, 牙肉
Wu Shanghai 牙床, 牙床骨, 牙肉
Suzhou 牙肉
Hangzhou 牙床肉兒
Wenzhou 牙床肉
Chongming 牙齦
Danyang 牙連肉
Jinhua 牙床肉
Ningbo 牙肉
Xiang Changsha 牙齦子
Loudi 牙群肉
Quanzhou 牙床

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): ぎん (gin), こん (kon)
  • Kun: はぐき (haguki)

Etymology[edit]

(ha, teeth) +‎ (kuki, stem)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はぐき, rōmaji haguki)

  1. gum (flesh around teeth)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.