日本

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See also: 𪰐

Chinese[edit]

 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
origin
simp. and trad.
(日本)
anagram 本日
Literally: “the sun's origin; where the sun originates”.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology[edit]

This appellation comes from imperial correspondence between the Chinese Sui Dynasty and Japan, and refers to the eastward position of Japan relative to China.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (38) (1)
Final () (48) (55)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪt̚/ /puənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵit̚/ /puonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjet̚/ /puənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵit̚/ /pwənX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕt̚/ /puənX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕt̚/ /puənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/ /puənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
běn

Proper noun[edit]

日本

  1. Japan
    日本電視劇 / 日本电视剧  ―  Rìběn diànshìjù  ―  Japanese TV drama

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (日本):

Others (incomplete list):

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
にち > に
Grade: 1
ほん
Grade: 1
Irregular goon

/nitɨpoɴ//nip̚poɴ//niɸoɴ//nihoɴ/

Coined in Japan of Sinic elements, as compound of (nichi, sun) +‎ (hon, origin) and literally meaning "origin of the sun". The hon element was apparently pronounced /poɴ/ when first coined. Over time, the initial /p/ lenited, becoming /f/ as shown in the Nifon entry in the 1603 Nippo Jisho ("Japanese-Portuguese Dictionary").[1] This then became the /h/ sound in modern Japanese.[2][3]

In older texts, this was read as kun'yomi as 日の本 (Hinomoto). The on'yomi readings Nippon and Nihon became more common in the Heian period, with both persisting into modern use.[3] The Nihon reading appears to be the most common in everyday Japanese usage.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (hiragana にほん, rōmaji Nihon)

  1. Short for 日本国 (Nihon-koku): Japan
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 463)
      Nifon ニホン (日本) 日本.
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
にち > にっ
Grade: 1
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
goon

/nitɨpoɴ//nip̚poɴ/

Phonetic variant of Nihon above, maintaining the /p/ sound.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (hiragana にっぽん, rōmaji Nippon)

  1. Short for 日本国 (Nippon-koku, Japan).
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
じつ > じっ
Grade: 1
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
kan’on

/zitʉpon//zip̚pon//ʑip̚pon/

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “From Middle Chinese?”

Uses the kan'on reading jitsu for , as compared to the goon reading nichi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (hiragana じっぽん, rōmaji Jippon)

  1. (archaic) Japan
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 365)
      Iippon ジッポン (日本) Fino moto. (日の本) 東洋. すなわち、日本.
      (The quoted ii in iippon is the 16th century Portuguese romanization representing [ji].)

Coordinate terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 2012, ニホンVSニッポン 「日本」の読み方、どっちが優勢?, The Nikkei
  5. 5.0 5.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  6. 6.0 6.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (Ilbon) (hangeul 일본)

  1. Hanja form? of 일본 (Japan).

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (Yamato2) (kana やまと)

  1. Alternative spelling of 大和 (Yamato2): Yamato, ancient name of Japan

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

日本

  1. Hán tự form of Nhật Bản (Japan).