日本

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See also: 𪰐

Chinese[edit]

 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
origin
simp. and trad.
(日本)
Literally: “the sun's origin; where the sun originates”.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Etymology[edit]

This appellation comes from Imperial correspondence between the Chinese Sui Dynasty and Japan, and refers to the eastward position of Japan relative to China.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (38) (1)
Final () (48) (55)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪt̚/ /puənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵit̚/ /puonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjet̚/ /puənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵit̚/ /pwənX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕt̚/ /puənX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕt̚/ /puənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/ /puənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
běn

Proper noun[edit]

日本

  1. Japan
    日本電視劇 / 日本电视剧  ―  Rìběn diànshìjù  ―  Japanese TV drama

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (日本):

Others (incomplete list)

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Coined in Japan of Sinic elements, as compound of ‎(nichi, sun) +‎ ‎(hon, origin). The hon element was apparently pronounced /poɴ/ when first coined. Over time, the initial /p/ lenited, eventually becoming the /h/ sound in modern Japanese.[1][2]

/nitipoɴ/ > /nippoɴ/ > /niɸoɴ/ > /nihoɴ/

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 ‎(hiragana にほん, romaji Nihon)

  1. Japan
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 463)
      Nifon ニホン (日本) 日本.
Usage notes[edit]

This pronunciation is overwhelmingly common.[5]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
にち > にっ
Grade: 1
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

/nitpoɴ/ > /nippoɴ/

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 ‎(hiragana にっぽん, romaji Nippon)

  1. Japan
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 466)
      Nippon ニッポン(日本) Fino moto. (日の本) 日本.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
じつ > じっ
Grade: 1
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

/zitpon/ > /zippon/ > /d͡ʑippon/

/zit͡ɕi, zit͡su/ are the kan'on readings of , as compared to the goon reading /nit͡ɕi/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 ‎(hiragana じっぽん, romaji Jippon)

  1. (archaic) Japan
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 365)
      Iippon ジッポン (日本) Fino moto. (日の本) 東洋. すなわち、日本.
      (The quoted ii in iippon is the 16th century Portuguese romanization representing [ji].)

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ 2012, ニホンVSニッポン 「日本」の読み方、どっちが優勢?, The Nikkei

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

日本 ‎(Ilbon) ‎(hangeul 일본)

  1. Hanja form? of 일본, “Japan”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

日本

  1. Hán tự form of Nhật Bản, “Japan
  2. Hán tự form of Nhật Bổn, “Japan