日本

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See also: 𪰐

Chinese[edit]

 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
origin
simp. and trad.
(日本)
anagram 本日
Literally: “the sun's origin; where the sun originates”.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology[edit]

This appellation comes from imperial correspondence between the Chinese Sui Dynasty and Japan, and refers to the eastward position of Japan relative to China.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: 5zeq pen - vernacular, 5nyiq pen - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (38) (1)
Final () (48) (55)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪt̚/ /puənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵit̚/ /puonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjet̚/ /puənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵit̚/ /pwənX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕt̚/ /puənX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕt̚/ /puənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/ /puənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
běn

Proper noun[edit]

日本

  1. Japan
    日本電視劇 / 日本电视剧  ―  Rìběn diànshìjù  ―  Japanese TV drama

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (日本):

Others (incomplete list):

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
にち > に
Grade: 1
ほん
Grade: 1
Irregular goon

/nitɨpoɴ//nip̚poɴ//niɸoɴ//nihoɴ/

Coined in Japan of Sinic elements, as compound of (nichi, sun) +‎ (hon, origin) and literally meaning "origin of the sun". The hon element was apparently pronounced /poɴ/ when first coined. Over time, the initial /p/ lenited, becoming /f/ as shown in the Nifon entry in the 1603 Nippo Jisho ("Japanese-Portuguese Dictionary").[1] This then became the /h/ sound in modern Japanese.[2][3]

In older texts, this was read as kun'yomi as 日の本 (Hinomoto). The on'yomi readings Nippon and Nihon became more common in the Heian period, with both persisting into modern use.[3] The Nihon reading appears to be the most common in everyday Japanese usage.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (hiragana にほん, rōmaji Nihon)

  1. Short for 日本国 (Nihon-koku): Japan
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 463)
      Nifon ニホン (日本) 日本.
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
にち > にっ
Grade: 1
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
goon

/nitɨpoɴ//nip̚poɴ/

Phonetic variant of Nihon above, maintaining the /p/ sound.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (hiragana にっぽん, rōmaji Nippon)

  1. Short for 日本国 (Nippon-koku, Japan).
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
じつ > じっ
Grade: 1
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
kan’on
*/zitʉpon//zip̚pon//ʑip̚pon/

Uses the kan'on reading jitsu for , as compared to the goon reading nichi. First appears in texts from the early 1600s,[2] notably the 1603 Japanese-Portuguese dictionary Nippo Jisho. Probably influenced by European-language terminology for the country,[2][3] such as Portuguese Japão or Dutch Japan, in turn arising from Min Nan 日本 (Ji̍t-pún) via Malay Jepun, or from Min Nan 日本 (Ji̍t-pńg) via Malay Jepang.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (hiragana じっぽん, rōmaji Jippon)

  1. (archaic) Japan
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 365)
      Iippon ジッポン (日本) Fino moto. (日の本) 東洋. すなわち、日本.
      (The quoted ii in iippon is the 16th century Portuguese romanization representing [ji].)

Coordinate terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 2012, ニホンVSニッポン 「日本」の読み方、どっちが優勢?, The Nikkei
  5. 5.0 5.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  6. 6.0 6.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (Ilbon) (hangeul 일본)

  1. Hanja form? of 일본 (Japan).

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Proper noun[edit]

日本 (Yamato2) (kana やまと)

  1. Alternative spelling of 大和 (Yamato2): Yamato, ancient name of Japan

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

日本

  1. Hán tự form of Nhật Bản (Japan).