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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(hand) + phonetic  – to carry by hand. 詹 has meaning of “speak too much”, hence connotations of “carry too much”, bear a burden.

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手弓金口 (QNCR), four-corner 57061, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 459, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12828
  • Dae Jaweon: page 807, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1971, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+64D4

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (擔), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 都甘切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑm/ /tɑm/ /tɑm/ /tɑm/ /tam/ /tɑm/ /tɑm/
Character (擔), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 都濫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑmH/ /tɑmH/ /tɑmH/ /tɑmH/ /tamH/ /tɑmH/ /tɑmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dān ‹ tam › /*mə-tˤam/ carry on the shoulder
dàn ‹ tam › /*tˤam/ burden
dàn ‹ tamH › /*mə-tˤam-s/ burden

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16747 1 /*taːm/ 見國語說文作儋
16753 1 /*taːms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. carry, bear, undertake

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dam) (hangeul , revised dam, McCune-Reischauer tam, Yale tam)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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