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U+6FB9, 澹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6FB9

[U+6FB8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6FBA]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 水弓金口 (ENCR), four-corner 37161, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 653, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1064, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1762, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6FB9

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
澹-bigseal.svg 澹-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːm, *taːm, *taːms
*taːm, *taːms
*ʔl'aːm
*taːm
*taːmʔ
*taːmʔ, *tjamʔ
*daːm, *daːmʔ, *daːms
*daːmʔ, *daːms
*tjam
*tjam
*tjam, *djam
*tjam
*tjam, *daːb, *tjaːb
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjams
*djams
*lam
*lam
*tʰeːm, *tʰeːms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *daːm, *daːmʔ, *daːms): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *tjam).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Related to (OC *l'aːm, *l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms, *lamʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Initial () (7) (7)
Final () (143) (143)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/damX/ /damH/
Li
Rong
/dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
Wang
Li
/dɑmX/ /dɑmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑmX/ /dʱɑmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dàn dàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ damX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˤamʔ/
English calm

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
No. 16756 16759
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːmʔ/ /*daːms/
Definitions[edit]

  1. calm and indifferent to fame and fortune
  2. quiet; tranquil
  3. light (of taste); insipid
  4. (of water) to ripple
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (7)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑm/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑm/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dam/
Li
Rong
/dɑm/
Wang
Li
/dɑm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 16755
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːm/
Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 澹臺澹台 (“a surname”).

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 澹林.

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) wet

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dam, seom) (hangeul , , revised dam, seom, McCune-Reischauer tam, sŏm, Yale tam, sem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đạm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.