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See also:
U+6DEB, 淫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DEB

[U+6DEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DEC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水月竹土 (EBHG), four-corner 32114, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 631, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1033, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1654, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6DEB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lɯm
*lɯm
*lɯm

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯm): semantic  (water) + phonetic .

Etymology[edit]

“to soak; excessive; to let loose; licentious”
Related to (OC *lɯm, “licentious”), (OC *lɯm, “heavy rain”) and (OC *ɡ·rɯm, “continued rain”) (Wang, 1982). More allofams possibly include (OC *l̥ʰjɯmʔ, “liquid”) and (OC *l'um, “to submerge”) (Schuessler, 2007). Probably related to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l-(t/d)jam (to fill, flat).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/jim/
Shao
Rongfen
/jem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jim/
Li
Rong
/iəm/
Wang
Li
/jĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yín
Middle
Chinese
‹ yim ›
Old
Chinese
/*N.r[ə]m/
English excess; licentious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15291
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to soak; to permeate; to drench
  2. to paint; to dye; to decorate
  3. to spread; to diffuse; to become prominent
  4. to move around; to shift; to travel
  5. to exceed boundary; to overstep one's authority
  6. excessive; uncontrolled; immoderate; overindulgent
  7. great; sizeable; immense; big
  8. to rain for a prolonged period of time; to have continuous heavy rain
  9. meretricious; flashy; ostentatious
  10. extravagant; squandering; wasteful
  11. evil; wicked; sinful; crafty
  12. in disorder; disorderly; chaotic; disorganised
  13. to confuse or be confused; to make someone dazed and confused
  14. to let someone have his or her own way; to allow to run wild
  15. to indulge in; to overindulge; to abandon oneself in; to be greedy for
  16. to have illicit sexual relations; to commit adultery
  17. licentious; obscene; lewd; lascivious; depraved; pornographic
  18. Alternative form of (shēn, “deep; deeply”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 淫預淫预: Alternative form of 灩澦滟滪 (“a dangerous pile of rocks in the middle of the Yangtze River in Sichuan”).

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (mythology, historical) Alternative name for 瑤池瑶池 (“a legendary body of water”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum) (hangeul , revised eum, McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dâm, dầm, đầm, đẫm, đằm, giầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.