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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女尸一月 (VSMB), four-corner 47427, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 265, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6432
  • Dae Jaweon: page 532, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1062, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5A66

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
婦-oracle.svg 婦-bronze.svg 婦-bigseal.svg 婦-seal.svg

Two possibilities:

  • Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯʔ): semantic  ‎(woman) + phonetic  ‎(OC *pjuʔ), as supported by the latest Old Chinese reconstructions; or
  • Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(woman) +  ‎(broom) – a woman with a broom.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fu⁵¹/
Harbin /fu⁴⁴/
Tianjin /fu⁵³/
Jinan /fu²¹/
Qingdao /fu²¹³/
Zhengzhou /fu²⁴/
Xi'an /fu⁴⁴/
Xining /fv̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /fu¹³/
Lanzhou /fu¹³/
Ürümqi /fu²¹³/
Wuhan /fu³⁵/
Chengdu /fu¹³/
Guiyang /fu²¹³/
Kunming /fu²¹²/
Nanjing /fu⁴⁴/
Hefei /fu⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /fu⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xu³⁵/
Hohhot /fu⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /vu²³/
Suzhou /vu³¹/
Hangzhou /vu¹³/
Wenzhou /vøy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /fu²²/
/fu³⁵/
Tunxi /fu²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fu⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɸu²¹/
Gan Nanchang /fu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /fu⁵³/
Taoyuan /fu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fu²³/
Nanning /fu²⁴/
/pʰu²⁴/
Hong Kong /fu¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hu²²/
/pu²²/ 新~
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hou²⁴²/
/pou²⁴²/ 新~
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu⁴⁴/
/py⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hu³⁵/
/pu³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fu³³/
/ʔbu³³/ 新~

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/biəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwX/
Li
Rong
/biuX/
Wang
Li
/bĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.bəʔ/ (or *tsə.-? see Min)
English woman, wife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17550
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. married woman
  2. woman
  3. wife

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune-Reischauer pu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phụ, vợ)

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