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See also:
U+5A66, 婦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5A66

[U+5A65]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5A67]
婦 U+2F866, 婦
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F866
姘
[U+2F865]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 㛮
[U+2F867]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女尸一月 (VSMB), four-corner 47427, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 265, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6432
  • Dae Jaweon: page 532, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1062, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5A66

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
婦-oracle.svg 婦-bronze.svg 婦-seal.svg 婦-bigseal.svg

Two possibilities:

  • Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯʔ): semantic (woman) + phonetic (OC *pjuʔ), as supported by the latest Old Chinese reconstructions; or
  • Ideogrammic compound (會意): (woman) + (broom) – a woman with a broom.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • fu5 - literary;
  • pou5 - colloquial (新婦).
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • hū - literary;
    • bṳ̀ - colloquial.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • hô - literary;
    • bô - colloquial (新婦).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hū/hǔ - literary;
    • pū/pǔ - colloquial (新婦).
    Note:
    • hu6 - literary;
    • bu6 - colloquial (新婦).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fu⁵¹/
    Harbin /fu⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /fu⁵³/
    Jinan /fu²¹/
    Qingdao /fu²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /fu²⁴/
    Xi'an /fu⁴⁴/
    Xining /fv̩²¹³/
    Yinchuan /fu¹³/
    Lanzhou /fu¹³/
    Ürümqi /fu²¹³/
    Wuhan /fu³⁵/
    Chengdu /fu¹³/
    Guiyang /fu²¹³/
    Kunming /fu²¹²/
    Nanjing /fu⁴⁴/
    Hefei /fu⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /fu⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /xu³⁵/
    Hohhot /fu⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /vu²³/
    Suzhou /vu³¹/
    Hangzhou /vu¹³/
    Wenzhou /vøy³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /fu²²/
    /fu³⁵/
    Tunxi /fu²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /fu⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ɸu²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /fu²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /fu⁵³/
    Taoyuan /fu⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fu²³/
    Nanning /fu²⁴/
    /pʰu²⁴/
    Hong Kong /fu¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hu²²/
    /pu²²/ 新~
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hou²⁴²/
    /pou²⁴²/ 新~
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu⁴⁴/
    /py⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hu³⁵/
    /pu³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fu³³/
    /ʔbu³³/ 新~

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɨuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fòu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fau6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə.bəʔ/ (or *tsə.-? see Min)
    English woman, wife

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17550
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bɯʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. married woman
    2. woman
    3. wife

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • ? Proto-Vietic: *-bəːʔ
      • Viet-Muong:
        • Muong: bợ, vợ
        • Middle Vietnamese: 𡞕 (ꞗợ), 𡢼 (ꞗợ)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. lady
    2. woman

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC bɨuX). Recorded as Middle Korean 부〮 (Yale: pwu) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 아내 (anae bu))

    1. Hanja form? of (married woman; lady; wife).

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: phụ, vợ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.