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See also: and
U+756A, 番
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-756A

[U+7569]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+756B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
12 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 102, +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木田 (HDW), four-corner 20609, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 763, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21858
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1172, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2543, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+756A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːl, *baːl
*paːl
*paːl, *paːls, *pʰaːn, *pʰan, *ban
*paːls
*paːls
*baːl
*pʰaːn
*baːn, *ban
*baːn
*pan, *ban
*pan, *pʰan
*pan
*pan, *ban
*pan, *ban
*pan
*panʔ
*pʰan
*pʰan
*pʰan
*pʰan, *ban
*pʰan, *ban
*ban
*ban
*ban
*ban
*ban
*ban
*ban
*ban

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *paːl, *paːls, *pʰaːn, *pʰan, *ban): phonetic  + semantic  – "animal's footprint in the field"; original form of (fán).

Etymology[edit]

“to do in turns; turn; time”
Iterative of (OC *panʔ, “to turn; to return”) by aspiration of the initial (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: han - only used in 番薯.
Note:
  • hung1 - Chaozhou, only used in 番葛;
  • hang1 - Jieyang, only used in 番葛.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/5
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰi̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phjon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰar/
    English a turn, a time

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/5
    No. 2889
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰan/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to do in turns; to take turns; to repeat
    2. Classifier for actions, deeds: a show of ...
    3. Classifier for the number of times an action has been performed: turn; time
    4. Classifier for different kinds of things: kind; type
    5. A generic term for the non-Han people in China's west in historical times; (by extension) non-Han people; foreign land; foreign, non-native
      Synonyms: (), (yáng)
        ―  fānqié  ―  tomato [lit. foreign eggplant]
    6. Short for 番劇番剧 (fānjù, “anime series”). (Classifier: )

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note: puang1 - Shantou.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/5
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰuɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰuɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰwan/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰuɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰuɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰuɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/5
    No. 2878
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰaːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. A surname​.
    2. Only used in 番禺 (Pānyú).

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/5 5/5
    Initial () (3) (1)
    Final () (66) (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐn/ /puɑH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐn/ /puɑH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɐn/ /puɑH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buan/ /pwaH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuɐn/ /puɑH/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐn/ /puɑH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐn/ /puɑH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fán
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 5/5 2/5
    No. 2895 2873
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ban/ /*paːls/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Original form of (fán, “animal's foot”).
    2. Alternative form of (fān, “fence”).
    3. Alternative form of (fán, “luxuriant”).

    Pronunciation 4[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. A surname​.
    2. Only used in 番番 (pópó).

    Pronunciation 5[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 4/5
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /puɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /puɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /puɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pwa/
    Li
    Rong
    /puɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /puɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /puɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pa ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁar/
    English martial

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/5
    No. 2871
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*paːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 番番 (bōbō).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana ばん, rōmaji -ban)

    1. (sports) matches

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ばん, rōmaji ban)

    1. one's turn (as in a game, etc.)
       (つぎ) (きみ) (ばん)ですよ。
      Tsugi wa kimi no ban desu yo.
      It's your turn next.

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana ばん, rōmaji -ban)

    1. (applied to numerals) -th: forms ordinal numerals
       (いち) (ばん)
      ichiban
      first
       () (ばん)
      niban
      second

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (beon, ban, pa) (hangeul , , , revised beon, ban, pa, McCune–Reischauer pŏn, pan, p'a, Yale pen, pan, pha)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phen, phan, phiên, ba, )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999