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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木田 (HDW), four-corner 20609, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 763, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21858
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1172, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2543, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+756A

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *paːl, *paːls, *pʰaːn, *pʰan, *ban): phonetic  + semantic  – "animal's footprint in the field", original form of .

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/5

Initial: (3)
Final: (66)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʉɐn/ /bʷiɐn/ /biuɐn/ /buan/ /biuɐn/ /bĭwɐn/ /bʱi̯wɐn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/5

Initial: (2)
Final: (66)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰʉɐn/ /pʰʷiɐn/ /pʰiuɐn/ /pʰuan/ /pʰiuɐn/ /pʰĭwɐn/ /pʰi̯wɐn/
Character (), Pronunciation 5/5

Initial: (1)
Final: (95)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bò
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/puɑH/ /puɑH/ /puɑH/ /pwaH/ /puɑH/ /puɑH/ /puɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fān ‹ phjon › /*pʰar/ a turn, a time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2873 1 /*paːls/
2889 1 /*pʰan/
2895 1 /*ban/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to take turns
  2. to repeat
  3. Classifier for times of actions. turn, time
  4. time, -fold
  5. kind, type
  6. Alternative form of (fán, “to guard”).
  7. foreign people, other ethnic groups
  8. foreign country
  9. foreign, non-native
      ―  fānqié  ―  tomato [lit. foreign eggplant]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 3/5

Initial: (2)
Final: (62)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: pān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰuɑn/ /pʰʷɑn/ /pʰuɑn/ /pʰwan/ /pʰuɑn/ /pʰuɑn/ /pʰuɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2878 1 /*pʰaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. Only used in 番禺 (Pānyú).

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. Only used in 番番 (pópó).

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 4/5

Initial: (1)
Final: (95)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bō
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/puɑ/ /puɑ/ /puɑ/ /pwa/ /puɑ/ /puɑ/ /puɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pa › /*pˤar/ martial

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2871 1 /*paːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 番番 (bōbō).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana ばん, romaji -ban)

  1. (sports) matches

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ばん, romaji ban)

  1. one's turn (for example, when taking turns in a game)

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana ばん, romaji -ban)

  1. (applied to numerals) -th: forms ordinal numerals such as 一番 "first", 二番 "second", and so on.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(beon, ban, pa) (hangeul , , , revised beon, ban, pa, McCune-Reischauer pŏn, pan, p'a, Yale pen, pan, pha)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phen, phan, phiên, ba, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999