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See also:
U+7159, 煙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7159

[U+7158]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+715A]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han character[edit]

(radical 86, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火一田土 (FMWG), four-corner 91814, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 677, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19203
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1088, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2215, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7159

Chinese[edit]

trad. /*
simp.
– when related to tobacco
Wikipedia has an article on:
工廠裡產生的

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qriːn
*ken, *kin
*ken, *kjin
*ken, *kjin
*qiːn
*qiːn, *qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*kʷens

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qiːn): semantic  (fire) + phonetic  (OC *qin).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵⁵/
Harbin /ian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ian²¹/
Jinan /iã²¹³/
Qingdao /iã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ian²⁴/
Xi'an /iã²¹/
Xining /iã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /iɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ian⁵⁵/
Kunming /iɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ien³¹/
Hefei /iĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ie¹¹/
Pingyao /ie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /i⁵³/
Suzhou /iɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /j̠i³³/
Hui Shexian /ie³¹/
Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ³³/
Xiangtan /iẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʒen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin⁵³/
Nanning /jin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ian⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛn/
Li
Rong
/ʔen/
Wang
Li
/ien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q]ˁi[n]/
English smoke

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15192
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qiːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. smoke; mist; vapour (Classifier: m c;  m;  m c;  m c)
  2. tobacco
  3. cigarette (Classifier: m c;  m)
  4. tobacco pipe
  5. opium
  6. soot
  7. (Cantonese, slang, informal, card games) ace
  8. to be irritated by smoke
    • /   ―  yānxūn  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
けむり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/keburi//kemuri/

Shift from Old Japanese-derived keburi reading (see below) as a regular /b//m/ change.[1][2][3] Appears in the Taiheiki of the late 1300s.

Now the most common reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (less common)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana けむり, rōmaji kemuri)

  1. smoke

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
けむ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Truncation of earlier kemuri (see above).[1][2] Appears in kabuki plays of the late Edo Period (late 1700s, early 1800s).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (less common)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana けむ, rōmaji kemu)

  1. (informal, colloquial) smoke

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
けぶり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 煙る (keburu, to be smoky, to give off smoke).[1][2][3] Appears with this reading in the Man'yōshū.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (less common)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana けぶり, rōmaji keburi)

  1. (archaic, possibly dialectal) smoke


Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
けぶ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Truncation of earlier keburi (see above).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (less common)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana けぶ, rōmaji kebu)

  1. (archaic, possibly dialectal) smoke

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔen).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana えん, rōmaji en)

  1. smoke
  2. fog, mist
  3. soot
  4. tobacco, tobacco products such as cigarettes or cigars
Usage notes[edit]

Only found in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yeon, in) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.