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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火一田土 (FMWG), four-corner 91814, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 677, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19203
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1088, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2215, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7159

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (referring to tobacco):

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵⁵/
Harbin /ian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ian²¹/
Jinan /iã²¹³/
Qingdao /iã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ian²⁴/
Xi'an /iã²¹/
Xining /iã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /iɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ian⁵⁵/
Kunming /iɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ien³¹/
Hefei /iĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ie¹¹/
Pingyao /ie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /i⁵³/
Suzhou /iɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /j̠i³³/
Hui Shexian /ie³¹/
Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ³³/
Xiangtan /iẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʒen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin⁵³/
Nanning /jin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ian⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛn/
Li
Rong
/ʔen/
Wang
Li
/ien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q]ˤi[n]/
English smoke

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15192
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qiːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. smoke; mist; vapour   (Classifier: m; m)
  2. tobacco
  3. cigarette   (Classifier: )
  4. tobacco pipe
  5. opium
  6. soot
  7. (Cantonese, slang, informal, card games) ace
  8. to be irritated by smoke

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana けむり, romaji kemuri)

  1. smoke

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeon, in) (hangeul , )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yên, bửu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.