檳榔

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See also: 槟榔

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (檳榔)
simp. (槟榔)
alternative forms 賓桹宾桹
賓郎宾郎
Wikipedia has articles on:

Etymology[edit]

Described in Qimin Yaoshu [544 C.E.] and Taiping Yulan [983 C.E.].

Borrowed from a Southern language, possibly a Mon-Khmer language. Compare Northern Khmer [script needed] (naːt-phlɤːŋ, a kind of betel leaf bush), Thavung phalʌ̰̂ː (betel); Malay pinang; Acehnese pineung, Tsat naːŋ³³ (< Proto-Chamic *pinaːŋ (betel nut)), as well as Proto-Mon-Khmer *ml[əw] (betel), whence Khmer ម្លូ (mluu), Vietnamese trầu (< Proto-Vietic *b-luː), Thai พลู (pluu) and perhaps Chinese 扶留 (OC *pa/ba m·ru/m·rus, “a leaf chewed together with betel nut”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bing1 no5 - Chaozhou, Shantou;
  • bêng1 no5 - Jieyang.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/2
    Initial () (1) (37)
    Final () (43) (101)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /piɪn/ /lɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pin/ /lɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pjen/ /lɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pin/ /laŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /piĕn/ /lɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭĕn/ /lɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯ĕn/ /lɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bīn láng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ban1 long4

    Noun[edit]

    Old 檳榔 signs
    檳榔 = paan?

    檳榔

    1. betel palm
    2. betel nut; areca nut (Classifier: m;  c mn)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic (檳榔):
    • Japanese: 檳榔(びんろう) (binrō)
    • Korean: 빈랑 (檳榔, billang)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    檳榔 (binrō): the Areca catechu, the areca or betel palm.
    Kanji in this term
    びん
    Hyōgaiji
    ろう
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    From Chinese 檳榔 (bīngláng), itself from Malay pinang.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (びん)(ろう) (binrōびんらう (binrau)?

    1. Areca catechu, the areca or betel palm
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms in biology, this term is often spelled in katakana.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    檳榔 (birō): the Chinese fan palm.
    Kanji in this term

    Hyōgaiji
    ろう
    Hyōgaiji
    Irregular

    Unknown. From Chinese, but the use of this term as an alternative spelling is of uncertain derivation.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    ()(ろう) (birōびらう (birau)?

    1. alternative spelling of 蒲葵 (birō): Livistona chinensis, the Chinese fan palm
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms in biology, this term is often spelled in katakana.

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN