檳榔

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See also: 槟榔

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (檳榔)
simp. (槟榔)
alt. forms 賓桹宾桹
賓郎宾郎
Wikipedia has an article on:
檳榔

Etymology[edit]

Described in Qimin Yaoshu [544 CE] and Taiping Yulan [983 CE].

Borrowed from a Southern language, possibly a Mon-Khmer language. Compare Northern Khmer [script needed] (naːt-phlɤːŋ, a kind of betel leaf bush), Aheu phalʌ̰̂ː (betel), Malay pinang, as well as Proto-Mon-Khmer *ml[əw] (betel), whence Khmer ម្លូ (mlu), Vietnamese trầu (< Proto-Vietic *b-luː), Thai พลู (pluu) and perhaps Chinese 扶留 (“a leaf chewed together with betel nut”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (1) (37)
Final () (43) (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piɪn/ /lɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pin/ /lɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjen/ /lɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pin/ /laŋ/
Li
Rong
/piĕn/ /lɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/pĭĕn/ /lɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ĕn/ /lɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bīn láng

Noun[edit]

檳榔

  1. betel palm
  2. betel nut; areca nut

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (檳榔):
  • Japanese:  (びん) (ろう) (binrō)
  • Korean: 빈랑 (檳榔, billang)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
檳榔 (binrō): the Areca catechu, the areca or betel palm.
Kanji in this term
びん
Hyōgaiji
ろう
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Chinese 檳榔 (bīngláng), itself from Malay pinang.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

檳榔 (hiragana びんろう, katakana ビンロウ, rōmaji binrō, historical hiragana びんらう)

  1. Areca catechu, the areca or betel palm
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms in biology, this term is often spelled in katakana.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
檳榔 (birō): the Chinese fan palm.
Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ろう
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Unknown. From Chinese, but the use of this term as an alternative spelling is of uncertain derivation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

檳榔 (hiragana びろう, katakana ビロウ, rōmaji birō, historical hiragana びらう)

  1. alternative spelling of 蒲葵 (birō): Livistona chinensis, the Chinese fan palm
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms in biology, this term is often spelled in katakana.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9