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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 50 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中月日月山 (LBABU), four-corner 46260, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 333, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8971
  • Dae Jaweon: page 640, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 747, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5E3D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

𧛕

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *muːɡs): semantic  ‎(cloth) + phonetic  ‎(OC *muːɡs, *mɯːɡ) – a cloth hat.

Etymology[edit]

“Head scarf, head cover” of the Southern indigenous people (Shuowen); “scepter cover” (Zhouli); “hat” (Hanshu).

Wanderwort of Southeastern and Eastern Asia. The explanation in Shuowen alludes to a Southern origin, hence compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *muuk ~ muək ‎(hat) (Khmer មួក ‎(muŏk), Mon ဒမှော် ‎(həmok, wide hat)), Thai หมวก ‎(mùuak, hat, cap) and Lao ຫມວກ ‎(mūak). On the other hand, this word is closely related to (mào, “to cover; hat”), Tibetan རྨོག ‎(rmog, helmet) and Burmese အမောက် ‎(a.mauk, crest (of hair); comb), for which Starostin posits Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mōk ‎(hat), a derivative of *mō(s) ‎(to cover).

Cognate with (“metal cap; helmet”).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /mau⁵³/
Tianjin /mɑu⁵³/
Jinan /mɔ²¹/
Qingdao /mɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mau³¹²/
Xi'an /mau⁴⁴/
Xining /mɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /mɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /mɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /mɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /mau³⁵/
Chengdu /mau¹³/
Guiyang /mao²¹³/
Kunming /mɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /mɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /mɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /mau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /mɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /mɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /mɔ²³/
Suzhou /mæ³¹/
Hangzhou /mɔ¹³/
Wenzhou /mɜ²²/
Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
Tunxi /mən²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /mau⁵⁵/
/mau¹¹/
Xiangtan /maɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /mɑu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /mau⁵³/
Taoyuan /mo⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mou³⁵/
Nanning /mu²²/
Hong Kong /mou³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bo²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɔ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mau⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /bo³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /mau³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mawH/
Li
Rong
/mɑuH/
Wang
Li
/mɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mào
Middle
Chinese
‹ mawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤuk-s/
English hat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8917
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*muːɡs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. hat; cap   (Classifier: )
  2. cap-like tops

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 帽子 ("hat")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 帽子
Taiwan 帽子
Jinan 帽子
Xi'an 帽子
Wuhan 帽子
Chengdu 帽子
Yangzhou 帽子
Hefei 帽子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 帽子
Hakka Meixian 帽仔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 帽仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 帽仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 帽仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping 帽仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 帽子帽兒
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou 帽仔
Xiamen 帽仔
Zhangzhou 帽仔
Taipei 帽仔
Kaohsiung 帽仔
Tainan 帽仔
Taichung 帽仔
Yilan 帽仔
Lukang 帽仔
Sanxia 帽仔
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu 帽仔
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 帽子
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 帽子
Shuangfeng 帽子

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mo) (hangeul , revised mo, McCune-Reischauer mo)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạo, mão, )

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