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See also: and
U+5718, 團
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5718

[U+5717]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5719]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 31, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 田十戈戈 (WJII), four-corner 60343, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 221, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4834
  • Dae Jaweon: page 452, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 725, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5718

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːn, *tjonʔ
*doːn
*doːn, *doːn, *donʔ
篿 *doːn, *tjon
*doːn
*doːn, *tjonʔ, *tjons
*doːn, *tjon, *djonʔ
*doːn
*doːn, *tjon
*tonʔ, *tons
*tons, *don, *dons
*tons
*donʔ, *dons
*tjon
*tjon
*tjon
*tjon
*tjon
*tjon, *tjonʔ, *djonʔ
*tjon, *tjonʔ
*djun

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doːn): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *tjon).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tuàng - literary;
  • diòng - vernacular (“united; assembled; to form a circle”, e.g. 團團).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thoân - literary;
    • tôaⁿ/thn̂g/thuîⁿ/thn̍gh - vernacular.
    Note:
    • tuang5 - Shantou;
    • tuêng5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰuan³⁵/
    Harbin /tʰuan²⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰuan⁴⁵/
    Jinan /tʰuã⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʰuã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tʰuan⁴²/
    Xi'an /tʰuã²⁴/
    Xining /tʰuã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰuan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /tʰuɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /tʰuan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /tʰan²¹³/
    Chengdu /tʰuan³¹/
    Guiyang /tʰuan²¹/
    Kunming /tʰuã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /tʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /tʰʊ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰuæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /tuɑŋ¹³/ ~住
    /tʰuɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰuæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /dø²³/
    Suzhou /dø¹³/
    Hangzhou /duõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /dø³¹/
    Hui Shexian /tʰo⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /tuːə⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /tõ¹³/
    Xiangtan /dɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰɵn²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰon¹¹/
    Taoyuan /tʰon¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰyn²¹/
    Nanning /tʰyn²¹/
    Hong Kong /tʰyn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰuan³⁵/
    /tʰŋ̍³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰuaŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰuiŋ²¹/
    /tuiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dwan/
    Li
    Rong
    /duɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /duɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tuán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dwan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.[d]ˁon/
    English round, plenty

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17665
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sphere; ball; circle
    2. mass; lump
    3. Classifier for round objects.
    4. (military) regiment; corps
    5. tour group arranged by travel agency
      你們安排什麼項目 [MSC, trad.]
      你们安排什么项目 [MSC, simp.]
      Nǐmen zhèi tuánr dōu ānpái le shénme xiàngmu a? [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    6. (Mainland China) Short for 共青團共青团 (gòngqīngtuán, “Communist Youth League”).

    Usage notes[edit]

    (military): Under the National Revolutionary Army, a regiment of infantry was composed of three battalions () and some miscellaneous companies (). In turn, two regiments formed a brigade (). Three regiments could be formed into a triangular division, where the brigade structure was absent, as a division (整編師 / 編制師).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. association

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dan) (hangeul , revised dan, McCune–Reischauer tan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đoàn)

    1. group
    2. party
    3. corps