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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 田十戈戈 (WJII), four-corner 60343, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 221, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4834
  • Dae Jaweon: page 452, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 725, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5718

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doːn): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjon).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰuan³⁵/
Harbin /tʰuan²⁴/
Tianjin /tʰuan⁴⁵/
Jinan /tʰuã⁴²/
Qingdao /tʰuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰuan⁴²/
Xi'an /tʰuã²⁴/
Xining /tʰuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /tʰuɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /tʰuan⁵¹/
Wuhan /tʰan²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰuan³¹/
Guiyang /tʰuan²¹/
Kunming /tʰuã̠³¹/
Nanjing /tʰuaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /tʰʊ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /tuɑŋ¹³/ ~住
/tʰuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /dø²³/
Suzhou /dø¹³/
Hangzhou /duõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /dø³¹/
Hui Shexian /tʰo⁴⁴/
Tunxi /tuːə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /tõ¹³/
Xiangtan /dɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɵn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /tʰon¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʰon¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰyn²¹/
Nanning /tʰyn²¹/
Hong Kong /tʰyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰuan³⁵/
/tʰŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰuaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰuiŋ²¹/
/tuiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/dʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/duɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwan/
Li
Rong
/duɑn/
Wang
Li
/duɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[d]ˤon/
English round, plenty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17665
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sphere; ball; circle
  2. mass; lump
  3. Classifier for round objects.
  4. (military) regiment; corps
  5. (Mainland) Short for 共青團共青团 (gòngqīngtuán).

Usage notes[edit]

(military): Under the National Revolutionary Army, a regiment of infantry was composed of three battalions () and some miscellaneous companies (). In turn, two regiments formed a brigade (). Three regiments could be formed into a triangular division, where the brigade structure was absent, as a division (整編師 / 編制師).

Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dan) (hangeul , revised dan, McCune-Reischauer tan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đoàn)

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