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See also: and
U+71DF, 營
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71DF

[U+71DE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71E0]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional / Kyujitai
Shinjitai
Traditional, Xin Zixing form

Han character[edit]

(radical 86, +13 in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 火+12 in mainland China, 17 strokes in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 16 strokes in mainland China, cangjie input 火火月口口 (FFBRR), four-corner 99606, composition𤇾(G) or ⿱𤇾(HTJKV))

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 684, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19457
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1096, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2237, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+71DF

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷeŋ): abbreviated phonetic (OC *ɡʷeːŋ) + abbreviated semantic (palace), depicting a person working all night with a light on his house.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Sixian:
    • yàng - vernacular;
    • yìn - literary.
  • Meixian:
    • yang2 - vernacular;
    • yin2 - literary.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • iâng - vernacular;
    • ě̤ng - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • iàng - vernacular;
    • ìng - litearry.
  • Min Nan
  • Note: iâⁿ - vernacular, êng - literary.
    Note:
    • ian5 - vernacular;
    • iong5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /iŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /iŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /iŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /iŋ²⁴/
    Xining /iə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /iŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ĩn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /iŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /in²¹³/
    Chengdu /yn³¹/
    Guiyang /in²¹/
    Kunming /ĩ³¹/
    Nanjing /in²⁴/
    Hefei /in⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦioŋ²³/
    /ɦiŋ²³/
    Suzhou /ɦin¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦin²¹³/
    Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /iɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /in¹³/
    Xiangtan /yn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /iaŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /in¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ²¹/
    Nanning /jeŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /jiŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ³⁵/
    /iã³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iaŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iaŋ³³/
    /œyŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iã⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ³¹/
    /zɔŋ³¹/
    /ia³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (122)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jwiᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jʷiɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iuæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jwiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /iuɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭwɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯wɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yóng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    wing4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yíng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yweng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷeŋ/
    English demarcate, encamp

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15379
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷeŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. encampment; barracks
    2. (military) battalion
    3. camp; activity; event
    4. to encamp
    5. to build; to construct
    6. to operate; to run
    7. to manage; to handle
    8. to seek for; to seek
    9. to measure

    Usage notes[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    営業中 using kyūjitai 營

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): えい (ei)
    • Kun: いとなむ (itonamu)

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC jwiᴇŋ).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 Recorded as Middle Korean ᄋᆑᇰ (Yale: yuyeng) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 바오달〮 여ᇰ Recorded as Middle Korean 여ᇰ (Yale: yeng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.
    Gwangju Cheonjamun, 1575 Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: yeng) in Gwangju Cheonjamun (光州千字文 / 광주천자문), 1575.
    Sinjeung Yuhap, 1576 ᄆᆡᆼᄀᆞᆯ Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: yeng) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.
    Early Modern Korean
    Text Final (韻) Reading
    Samun Seonghwi, 1751 혜아릴 Recorded as Early Modern Korean  (Yale: yeng) in Juhae Cheonjamun (註解千字文 / 주해천자문), 1804.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 경영할 (gyeong'yeonghal yeong))

    1. Hanja form? of (encampment; barracks).
    2. Hanja form? of (to manage; to operate).
    3. Hanja form? of (to build; to construct).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: dinh, doanh

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.