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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人十戈戈 (OJII), four-corner 25243, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 114, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1019
  • Dae Jaweon: page 243, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 208, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+50B3

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tons, *don, *dons): semantic  ‎(man) + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjon).

Etymology[edit]

Related to (OC *tonʔ, *tons, “to turn around; to transfer”); see there for more.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (11)
Final () (80)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖʷᵚiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖwian/
Li
Rong
/ȡjuɛn/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-tron/
English transmit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 17678
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*don/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to transfer; to deliver; to transmit; to pass on
    /   ―  chuánqiú  ―  to pass the ball
  2. to teach; to impart
  3. to pass down; to hand down
  4. to abdicate; to resign sovereign authority
  5. to express; to convey
  6. to summon; to call
  7. to spread; to circulate; to disseminate
    /   ―  xuānchuán  ―  to promote; to publicise
  8. (physics) to conduct (electricity or heat)

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Initial () (11) (9)
Final () (80) (80)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiuᴇnH/ /ʈˠiuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖʷᵚiɛnH/ /ʈʷᵚiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiuænH/ /ȶiuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖwianH/ /ʈwianH/
Li
Rong
/ȡjuɛnH/ /ȶjuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭwɛnH/ /ȶĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯wɛnH/ /ȶi̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuàn zhuàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuàn zhuàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjwenH › ‹ trjwenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-tron-s/ /*tron-s/
English what has been transmitted relay post

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 17676 17681
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tons/ /*dons/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) relay station for transmitting documents
  2. (historical) stagecoach; post-chaise
  3. (historical, literature) historical narrative; commentaries; record; chronicle
  4. (historical, literature) novel or story written in the historical style
  5. (literature) biography; life story
    /   ―  zhuàn  ―  autobiography
  6. to write biography

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. summon
  2. propagate, transmit

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(truyền, truyện)

  1. Gọi vào
  2. Biểu đạt, Lưu truyền

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: chiền, chuyền, chuyến, chuyện, truyền, truyện

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville