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|Court Astronomer; Imperial Historian|
just; honorable; public
just; honorable; public; common; fair; duke; mister
- "Sima Qian"
- Believed to be retroactively inserted by later editors of the Records of the Grand Historian into the book's text, likely by Yang Yun, son of Sima Qian's daughter (see 《太史公行年考》 in Wang, 1923).
- "Sima Tan"
- Honorific term used by Sima Qian when referring to his father.
- (honorific) Sima Qian (Chinese historian, c. 145 B.C.E.–c. 90 B.C.E.)
- 太史公，書漢世實事之人，而云「虛言」，近非實也。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
- From: Wang Chong, Lun Heng (Discussive Weighing), 80 CE
- Tàishǐgōng, shū Hànshì shíshì zhīrén, ér yún “xūyán”, jìn fēishí yě. [Pinyin]
- The Grand Historian was a man who recorded the true history of Han. What he called "empty words" were unlikely to be true.
太史公，书汉世实事之人，而云“虚言”，近非实也。 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
- (rare, honorific) Sima Tan (father of Sima Qian)
- 太史公既掌天官，不治民。有子曰遷。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
- From: The Records of the Grand Historian, by Sima Qian, circa 91 BCE
- Tàishǐgōng jì zhǎng tiānguān, bù zhìmín. Yǒu zǐ yuē Qiān. [Pinyin]
- The Lord Chief Astronomer, having held the office for celestial matters, no longer concerns himself in the government of men. He has a son named Qian.
太史公既掌天官，不治民。有子曰迁。 [Classical Chinese, simp.]