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U+96E9, 雩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E9

[U+96E8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96EA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一尸 (MBMMS), four-corner 10727, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4057, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+96E9

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
雩-oracle.svg 雩-bronze.svg 雩-seal.svg 雩-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰʷla, *ɢʷla): semantic (rain) + phonetic (OC *ɢʷa).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𩁹
𦏻
𦏴

A 平聲平声 (píngshēng) noun derived from (OC *ɢʷaʔ, “to rain”), possibly through back-formation (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɣio/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyu4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hju ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a/
English sacrifice for rain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15717
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷla/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) sacrifice with prayer and dance for rain

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Preserved in many modern Wu dialects, as well as a few neighbouring Huizhou and Jianghuai Mandarin dialects, as (Xiang, 2014).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. rainbow
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/hio/
Shao
Rongfen
/xio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huə̆/
Li
Rong
/xio/
Wang
Li
/xĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
heoi1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15693
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷla/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 雩婁雩娄 (Yúlóu).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. offer sacrifice for rain

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (u))

  1. a shamanistic service to pray for rain

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: vu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]