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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

A rainbow

(radical 142 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中戈一 (LIM), four-corner 51110, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1076, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32830
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1545, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2834, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8679

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (33) (28) (28)
Final () (1) (1) (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuŋ/ /kuŋH/ /kˠʌŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuŋ/ /kuŋH/ /kᵚɔŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuŋ/ /kuŋH/ /kɔŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwŋ/ /kəwŋH/ /kaɨwŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuŋ/ /kuŋH/ /kɔŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣuŋ/ /kuŋH/ /kɔŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuŋ/ /kuŋH/ /kɔŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng gòng jiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóng jiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ huwng › ‹ kæwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kˤoŋ/ /*kˤroŋ-s/
English rainbow rainbow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 4004 4032 4056
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːŋs/ /*koːŋs/ /*ɡoːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. rainbow
      ―  cǎihóng  ―  rainbow

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(niji, nuji, noji): a rainbow.
Kanji in this term
にじ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Shift from earlier nuji or noji reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana にじ, romaji niji)

  1. a rainbow
    春雨 (はるさめ)がやんだ途端 (とたん)に、 (うつく)しい (にじ) (あらわ)れた。
    Harusame ga yanda totan ni, utsukushii niji ga arawareta.
    Just as the spring shower passed, a beautiful rainbow appeared.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぬじ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Shift from earlier noji reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぬじ, romaji nuji)

  1. (dialect, possibly obsolete) a rainbow

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
のじ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū of 720 CE as an eastern dialectal variant.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぬじ, romaji nuji)

  1. (obsolete) a rainbow

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hong, gang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): , ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồng, vồng, nhật)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.