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See also:
U+978F, 鞏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-978F

[U+978E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9790]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 177 +6, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一弓廿中十 (MNTLJ), four-corner 17506, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1387, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1902, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4333, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+978F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
kluːmʔ
ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *koːŋ
kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
kʰroːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kʰroːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
qʰroːŋ
qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
qʰroːŋ
ɡroːŋ
ɡroːŋʔ
ɡ·roːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
koːŋ, *kuːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋs
koːŋs
kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰoːŋs
qʰoːŋ
qʰoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋʔ
koŋʔ
koŋʔ
kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: khōng - 誆 is used in the Mainland.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuawŋX/
Li
Rong
/kioŋX/
Wang
Li
/kĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǒng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjowngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)oŋʔ/
English bind with leather straps

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4067
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. consolidate
  2. Used in place names in China.
    /   ―  gǒngxiàn  ―  Gong County in Henan
    /   ―  céngǒng  ―  Cen County in Guizhou
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong, Yale kong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.