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See also:
U+978F, 鞏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-978F

[U+978E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9790]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 177 +6, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一弓廿中十 (MNTLJ), four-corner 17506, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1387, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1902, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4333, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+978F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
Wikipedia has an article on:
鞏姓

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
*kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
*kluːmʔ
*ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ
*kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*ɡroːŋ
*ɡroːŋʔ
*ɡ·roːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
*koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋs
*koːŋs
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋs
*qʰoːŋ
*qʰoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
*kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: khōng - 誆 is used in the Mainland.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuawŋX/
Li
Rong
/kioŋX/
Wang
Li
/kĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǒng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjowngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)oŋʔ/
English bind with leather straps

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4067
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fasten using a leather band
  2. firm; secure
  3. Alternative form of (gǒng, “post, pillar”).
  4. Alternative form of (kǒng, “to fear”).
  5. () (historical) State of Gong (a small state during the Spring and Autumn period in modern-day Henan)
  6. () (historical) Gong County (in modern-day Gongyi, Henan)
  7. () (historical) Gong Prefecture (in modern-day Gong County, Sichuan)
  8. () (historical) Gong Prefecture (in modern-day Longxi County, Gansu)
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong, Yale kong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.