iris

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See also: Iris, IRIs, íris, Íris, and iris-

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English [Term?], from Latin īris, from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris, rainbow), from Proto-Indo-European *wey-ro- (a twist, thread, cord, wire), from *weh₁y- (to turn, twist, weave, plait). Cognate to English wire.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Online Etymology Dictionary: The eye region was so called (early 15c. in English) for being the part that gives color to the eye; the Greek word was used of any brightly colored circle, "as that round the eyes of a peacock's tail" [Liddell & Scott]”

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • enPR: ī'rĭs, IPA(key): /ˈaɪɹɪs/
  • Rhymes: -aɪɹɪs

Noun[edit]

A plant of the genus, Iris.
Illustration showing parts of the human eye, including the iris.

iris (plural irises or iris or irides) (See Usage notes)

  1. (botany) A plant of the genus Iris, common in the northern hemisphere, and generally having attractive blooms (See Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Iris (plant) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia ).
    • 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter V, in The Younger Set, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 24962326:
      Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  2. (anatomy) The contractile membrane perforated by the pupil, which adjusts to control the amount of light reaching the retina, and which forms the colored portion of the eye (See Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Iris (anatomy) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia ).
  3. (photography, cinematography) A diaphragm used to regulate the size of a hole, especially as a way of controlling the amount of light reaching a lens.
  4. (poetic) A rainbow, or other colourful refraction of light.
  5. (electronics) A constricted opening in the path inside a waveguide, used to form a resonator.
  6. (zoology) The inner circle of an oscillated color spot.

Usage notes[edit]

For the part of the eye, the usual medical plural is irides.
For the flower both iris and irises are in common use.

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:iris.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

iris (third-person singular simple present irises, present participle irising, simple past and past participle irised)

  1. (of an aperture, lens, or door) To open or close in the manner of an iris.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iris, from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iris m (plural iris)

  1. iris (part of the eye)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iris c (plural irissen, diminutive irisje n)

  1. iris
    Synonym: regenboogvlies (anatomy)

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

iris

  1. past of iri

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin iris, Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iris m (plural iris)

  1. iris

Further reading[edit]


Ido[edit]

Verb[edit]

iris

  1. past of irar

Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

iris (plural iris-iris, first-person possessive irisku, second-person possessive irismu, third-person possessive irisnya)

  1. slice

Verb[edit]

mengiris

  1. to slice

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish iris f (a thong or strap (from which a shield, bag, etc. is suspended)).

Noun[edit]

iris f (genitive singular irise, nominative plural irisí)

  1. strap, sling (for carrying)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish ires, iress f (religion, creed, the (true) faith).

Noun[edit]

iris f (genitive singular irise)

  1. (literary) belief, faith, religion
Declension[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

iris f (genitive singular irise, nominative plural irisí)

  1. Alternative form of oireas
  2. magazine, journal
    Synonym: irisleabhar
  3. gazette
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

iris m

  1. genitive/vocative singular of ireas (iris)
  2. nominative/dative plural of ireas

Pronunciation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iris n-iris hiris not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin iris, Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

Noun[edit]

iris m or f (invariable)

  1. iris (flower)
    Synonyms: giaggiolo, iride

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

īrīs

  1. dative/ablative plural of īra
  1. rainbow
    • Vulgate Bible, Douay-Rheims Version, Revelation 10:1
      et vidi alium angelum fortem descendentem de caelo amictum nube et iris in capite eius et facies eius erat ut sol et pedes eius tamquam columna ignis

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris, rainbow).

Noun[edit]

iris m (definite singular irisen, indefinite plural iriser, definite plural irisene)

  1. (botany) an iris (flower)
  2. (anatomy) an iris (part of the eye)
    Synonym: regnbuehinne

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris, rainbow).

Noun[edit]

iris m (definite singular irisen, indefinite plural irisar, definite plural irisane)

  1. (botany) an iris (flower)
  2. (anatomy) an iris (part of the eye)
    Synonym: regnbogehinne

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iris

  1. accusative/dative singular of ires

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
iris unchanged n-iris
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

iris f (plural iris)

  1. Obsolete spelling of íris

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French iris, Latin iris, from Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

Noun[edit]

iris n (plural irisuri)

  1. (anatomy) iris (of the eye)

Noun[edit]

iris n (plural iriși)

  1. (botany) iris (flower)
    Synonyms: stânjenel, stânjen

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Compare Irish iris.

Noun[edit]

iris f (genitive singular irise, plural irisean)

  1. magazine, periodical
    Synonym: ràitheachan

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iris n-iris h-iris t-iris
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin iris, Ancient Greek ἶρις (îris).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iris m (plural iris or iríses)

  1. (anatomy) iris

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]