Iris

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See also: iris, íris, Íris, and iris-

Translingual[edit]

The Siberian iris (Iris sibirica), a species of flowering plant

Etymology[edit]

Ancient Greek Ἶρις ‎(Îris, the messenger of the gods; a rainbow; the iris (of the eye); the flower)

Proper noun[edit]

Iris f

  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Iridaceae – the irises.
  2. A taxonomic genus within the family Tarachodidae – certain of the mantises.

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


English[edit]

Iris, a messenger of the gods in Greek mythology, shown on a pot
Iris astronomical symbol

Etymology[edit]

Ancient Greek Ἶρις iris "rainbow".

Proper noun[edit]

Iris

  1. (Greek mythology) A messenger of the gods, and goddess of rainbows.
    • 1598 William Shakespeare: All's Well That Ends Well: Act I, Scene III :
      What's the matter, / That this distemper'd messenger of wet, / The many-colour'd Iris, rounds thine eye?
  2. A female given name; a flower name used since the end of the 19th century.
    • 1990 Joyce Carol Oates, Because It Is Bitter, And Because It Is My Heart, ISBN 0452265819 page 39:
      Persia tells Iris she is named for something special: the iris of the eye. "I thought I was named for a flower," Iris says, disappointed. "An iris is a flower, of course," Persia says, smiling, "but it's this other, too. Our secret. 'The iris of the eye'." "The eye?" Persia snaps her fingers in Iris's eyes. The gesture is so rude and unexpected, Iris will remember it all her life. After this disclosure, Iris doesn't know whether she likes her name any more.
  3. (astronomy) Short for 7 Iris, a main belt asteroid.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Danish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Iris

  1. (Greek mythology) Iris
  2. A female given name.

Estonian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Iris

  1. (Greek mythology) Iris
  2. A female given name.

Related terms[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Iris f

  1. A female given name

Usage notes[edit]

Matronymics

  • son of Iris: Irisarson
  • daughter of Iris: Irisardóttir

Declension[edit]

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Iris
Accusative Iris
Dative Iris
Genitive Irisar

French[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Iris

  1. (Greek mythology) Iris
  2. A female given name.

German[edit]

Noun[edit]

Iris f

  1. (anatomy) iris

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Iris

  1. (Greek mythology) Iris
  2. A female given name.

Norwegian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Iris

  1. (Greek mythology) Iris
  2. A female given name.

Swedish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Iris

  1. (Greek mythology) Iris
  2. A female given name.