Presuming an earlier form *ϝῖρις (*wîris), then from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁i-ro- (“a twist, thread, cord, wire”), from *weh₁i- (“to turn, twist, weave, plait”). Cognates include Low German Wir (“wire”), German Wiere (“wire, metallic thread”), Icelandic vír (“wire”), Swedish vira (“to twist”), Latin vieō (“weave together”), Welsh gŵyr (“bent”).
- (5th BC Attic) IPA(key): /i᷇ː.ris/
ambiguous vowel ι at 3
- (1st BC Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈi.ris/
- (4th AD Koine) IPA(key): /ˈi.ris/
- (10th AD Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈi.ris/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈi.ris/
Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowel ι by adding a macron after it if it is long, or a breve if it is short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes it is short if unmarked.
- Ἶρις in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- Ἶρις in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,014