1605; borrowed from French gazette, from Italian gazzetta, from Venetian gazeta dele novità (17th century), named for the gazeta (“halfpenny”) (first minted 1539). The Venetian gazeta (newspaper) cost a gazeta (coin); compare penny dreadful, dime novel.
The etymology of the coin’s name is disputed. Most likely, it is from Venetian garzia (1518), variant of Venetian carzie (“a coin of little value”) (Greek dialect χαρξια (charxia)), ultimately from Ancient Greek χαλκός (khalkós, “copper, copper alloy”), itself probably ultimately a borrowing. Traditionally it is usually considered a diminutive of Latin gāza (“treasure”) (as in Medieval Latin gazetum), from Ancient Greek γάζα (gáza), of Iranian origin, probably ultimately Median (Persian گنج (ganj)). An alternative is from German Kreuzer (“a small coin with a cross”), due to a cross on one of the coin’s faces.
gazette (plural gazettes)
- A newspaper; a printed sheet published periodically; especially, the official journal published by the British government, containing legal and state notices.
- To publish in a gazette.
- (Britain) To announce the status of in an official gazette. This pertained to both appointments and bankruptcies.
gazette f (plural gazettes)
- “gazette” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- newspaper (printed sheet published periodically)