retina

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Retina, retinä, and retiña

English[edit]

Illustration showing parts of the human eye, including the retina.

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin rētina, the diminutive form of Latin rēte (net), probably from the Vulgar Latin phrase (tunica) *rētina, literally "net-like tunic", used to describe the blood vessel system at the back of the eye. (Gerard of Cremona may have created this phrase as a translation for Arabic (ṭabaqa) shabakiyya "net-like layer", which translates Ancient Greek ἀμφιβληστροειδής (amphiblēstroeidḗs) (χιτών (khitṓn))).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɹɛt.ɨ.nə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

retina (plural retinas or retinae or retinæ)

  1. (anatomy) The thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball where light is converted into neural signals sent to the brain.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021) , “retina”, in Online Etymology Dictionary

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina m (plural retines)

  1. retina

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin rētina, the diminutive form of Latin rēte (net), probably from Vulgar Latin tunica *retina (literally net-like tunic), used to describe the blood vessel system at the back of the eye.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: re‧ti‧na

Noun[edit]

retina f or m (plural retina's, diminutive retinaatje n)

  1. retina
    Synonym: netvlies

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈretinɑ/, [ˈre̞t̪inɑ]
  • Rhymes: -etinɑ
  • Syllabification: re‧ti‧na

Noun[edit]

retina

  1. Synonym of verkkokalvo (retina)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of retina (Kotus type 13/katiska, no gradation)
nominative retina retinat
genitive retinan retinoiden
retinoitten
retinojen
partitive retinaa retinoita
retinoja
illative retinaan retinoihin
singular plural
nominative retina retinat
accusative nom. retina retinat
gen. retinan
genitive retinan retinoiden
retinoitten
retinojen
retinainrare
partitive retinaa retinoita
retinoja
inessive retinassa retinoissa
elative retinasta retinoista
illative retinaan retinoihin
adessive retinalla retinoilla
ablative retinalta retinoilta
allative retinalle retinoille
essive retinana retinoina
translative retinaksi retinoiksi
instructive retinoin
abessive retinatta retinoitta
comitative retinoineen
Possessive forms of retina (type katiska)
possessor singular plural
1st person retinani retinamme
2nd person retinasi retinanne
3rd person retinansa

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin rētina, the diminutive form of Latin rēte (net).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɛtinɒ]
  • Hyphenation: re‧ti‧na
  • Rhymes: -nɒ

Noun[edit]

retina (plural retinák)

  1. (anatomy) retina (the thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball where light is converted into neural signals sent to the brain)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative retina retinák
accusative retinát retinákat
dative retinának retináknak
instrumental retinával retinákkal
causal-final retináért retinákért
translative retinává retinákká
terminative retináig retinákig
essive-formal retinaként retinákként
essive-modal retinául
inessive retinában retinákban
superessive retinán retinákon
adessive retinánál retináknál
illative retinába retinákba
sublative retinára retinákra
allative retinához retinákhoz
elative retinából retinákból
delative retináról retinákról
ablative retinától retináktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
retináé retináké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
retináéi retinákéi
Possessive forms of retina
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. retinám retináim
2nd person sing. retinád retináid
3rd person sing. retinája retinái
1st person plural retinánk retináink
2nd person plural retinátok retináitok
3rd person plural retinájuk retináik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • retina in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina (plural retinas)

  1. retina

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology 1[edit]

The original sense (Etymology 2) of retina, but given a specific anatomical meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɛtina/
  • Hyphenation: rè‧ti‧na

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retine)

  1. (anatomy) retina
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

rete +‎ -ina

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /reˈti.na/
  • Hyphenation: re‧tì‧na

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retine)

  1. Diminutive of rete
    1. small net
    2. hairnet

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /reˈti.na/
  • Hyphenation: re‧tì‧na

Verb[edit]

retina

  1. third-person singular present indicative of retinare
  2. second-person singular imperative of retinare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

An abbreviation of the Classical retināculum n, which, because it occurred almost exclusively in the plural (retinācula, -ōrum), was reinterpreted in its abbreviated form as a feminine, rather than a neuter, noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina f (genitive retinae); first declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) a rein (strap or rope attached to a bridle or bit, used to control an animal)
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative retina retinae
Genitive retinae retinārum
Dative retinae retinīs
Accusative retinam retinās
Ablative retinā retinīs
Vocative retina retinae

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

An etymologising spelling, closer to the word’s etymon, the Ancient Greek ῥητῑ́νη (rhētī́nē).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rētīna f (genitive rētīnae); first declension

  1. medieval spelling of rēsīna (resin)
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rētīna rētīnae
Genitive rētīnae rētīnārum
Dative rētīnae rētīnīs
Accusative rētīnam rētīnās
Ablative rētīnā rētīnīs
Vocative rētīna rētīnae

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

retina

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of retinir
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of retinir
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of retinir
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of retinir

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /reˈtina/, [reˈt̪i.na]

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retinas)

  1. retina