retina

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See also: Retina and retiña

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin retina, the diminutive form of Latin rete (net), probably from the Vulgar Latin phrase (tunica) *retina, literally "net-like tunic", used to describe the blood vessel system at the back of the eye. (Gerard of Cremona may have created this phrase as a translation for Arabic (tabaqa) sabakiva "net-like layer", which translates Ancient Greek ἀμφιβληστροειδής (amphiblēstroeidḗs) (χιτών (khitṓn))).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Illustration showing parts of the human eye, including the retina.

retina (plural retinas or retinae or retinæ)

  1. (anatomy) The thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball where light is converted into neural signals sent to the brain.

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Derived terms[edit]

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: re‧ti‧na

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin rētina, the diminutive form of Latin rēte (net), probably from Vulgar Latin tunica *retina, literally "net-like tunic", used to describe the blood vessel system at the back of the eye.

Noun[edit]

retina f, m (plural retina's, diminutive retinaatje n)

  1. (anatomy) retina

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Hungarian[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina

  1. retina

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology 1[edit]

The original sense (Etymology 2) of retina, but given a specific anatomical meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɛtina/
  • Hyphenation: rè‧ti‧na

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retine)

  1. (anatomy) retina
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

rete +‎ -ina

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /reˈtina/
  • Hyphenation: re‧tì‧na

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retine) (Diminutive of: rete)

  1. small net
  2. hairnet

Verb[edit]

retina

  1. third-person singular present indicative of retinare
  2. second-person singular imperative of retinare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

An abbreviation of the Classical retināculum n, which, because it occured almost exclusively in the plural (retinācula, -ōrum), was reinterpreted in its abbreviated form as a feminine, rather than a neuter, noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina f (genitive retinae); first declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) a rein (strap or rope attached to a bridle or bit, used to control an animal)
Declension[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative retina retinae
genitive retinae retinārum
dative retinae retinīs
accusative retinam retinās
ablative retinā retinīs
vocative retina retinae

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Etymology 2[edit]

An etymologising spelling, closer to the word’s etymon, the Ancient Greek ῥητῑ́νη (rhētī́nē).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rētīna f (genitive rētīnae); first declension

  1. medieval spelling of rēsīna (resin)
Declension[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rētīna rētīnae
genitive rētīnae rētīnārum
dative rētīnae rētīnīs
accusative rētīnam rētīnās
ablative rētīnā rētīnīs
vocative rētīna rētīnae

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

retina

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of retinir
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of retinir
  3. third-person singular imperative of retinir

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retinas)

  1. retina