retina

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See also: Retina and retiña

English[edit]

Illustration showing parts of the human eye, including the retina.

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin rētina, the diminutive form of Latin rēte (net), probably from the Vulgar Latin phrase (tunica) *rētina, literally "net-like tunic", used to describe the blood vessel system at the back of the eye. (Gerard of Cremona may have created this phrase as a translation for Arabic (ṭabaqa) shabakiyya "net-like layer", which translates Ancient Greek ἀμφιβληστροειδής (amphiblēstroeidḗs) (χιτών (khitṓn))).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina (plural retinas or retinae or retinæ)

  1. (anatomy) The thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball where light is converted into neural signals sent to the brain.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina m (plural retines)

  1. retina

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin rētina, the diminutive form of Latin rēte (net), probably from Vulgar Latin tunica *retina (literally net-like tunic), used to describe the blood vessel system at the back of the eye.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: re‧ti‧na

Noun[edit]

retina f or m (plural retina's, diminutive retinaatje n)

  1. retina
    Synonym: netvlies

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈretinɑ/, [ˈre̞t̪inɑ]
  • Rhymes: -etinɑ
  • Syllabification: re‧ti‧na

Noun[edit]

retina

  1. Synonym of verkkokalvo (retina)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of retina (Kotus type 13/katiska, no gradation)
nominative retina retinat
genitive retinan retinoiden
retinoitten
retinojen
partitive retinaa retinoita
retinoja
illative retinaan retinoihin
singular plural
nominative retina retinat
accusative nom. retina retinat
gen. retinan
genitive retinan retinoiden
retinoitten
retinojen
retinainrare
partitive retinaa retinoita
retinoja
inessive retinassa retinoissa
elative retinasta retinoista
illative retinaan retinoihin
adessive retinalla retinoilla
ablative retinalta retinoilta
allative retinalle retinoille
essive retinana retinoina
translative retinaksi retinoiksi
instructive retinoin
abessive retinatta retinoitta
comitative retinoineen
Possessive forms of retina (type katiska)
possessor singular plural
1st person retinani retinamme
2nd person retinasi retinanne
3rd person retinansa

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina

  1. retina

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina (plural retinas)

  1. retina

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology 1[edit]

The original sense (Etymology 2) of retina, but given a specific anatomical meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɛtina/
  • Hyphenation: rè‧ti‧na

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retine)

  1. (anatomy) retina
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

rete +‎ -ina

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /reˈtina/
  • Hyphenation: re‧tì‧na

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retine) (Diminutive of: rete)

  1. small net
  2. hairnet

Verb[edit]

retina

  1. third-person singular present indicative of retinare
  2. second-person singular imperative of retinare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

An abbreviation of the Classical retināculum n, which, because it occurred almost exclusively in the plural (retinācula, -ōrum), was reinterpreted in its abbreviated form as a feminine, rather than a neuter, noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

retina f (genitive retinae); first declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) a rein (strap or rope attached to a bridle or bit, used to control an animal)
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative retina retinae
Genitive retinae retinārum
Dative retinae retinīs
Accusative retinam retinās
Ablative retinā retinīs
Vocative retina retinae

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

An etymologising spelling, closer to the word’s etymon, the Ancient Greek ῥητῑ́νη (rhētī́nē).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rētīna f (genitive rētīnae); first declension

  1. medieval spelling of rēsīna (resin)
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rētīna rētīnae
Genitive rētīnae rētīnārum
Dative rētīnae rētīnīs
Accusative rētīnam rētīnās
Ablative rētīnā rētīnīs
Vocative rētīna rētīnae

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

retina

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of retinir
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of retinir
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of retinir
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of retinir

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /reˈtina/, [reˈt̪ina]

Noun[edit]

retina f (plural retinas)

  1. retina