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U+828B, 芋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-828B

[U+828A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+828C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿一木 (TMD) or X廿一木 (XTMD), four-corner 44401, composition)

  1. taro

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1018, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30670
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1476, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3174, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+828B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːls
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːʔ, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*ɢʷraː, *qʷaː
*ɡʷraːs
*pɢʷaː, *kʰʷaː
*qʰʷl'aː
*kʰʷaː, *qʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*qʰaː
洿 *ɡʷaːʔ, *qʷaː
*ɡʷlaː, *ɡʷlaːs
*ɢʷlaːʔ
*qʷaː, *qʷaːs
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaːs, *ɢʷa
*qʰʷl'a
*qʰʷl'a
*pqʰʷa, *qʰʷa
*qʰʷla, *ɢʷla
*qʰʷa, *ɢʷas
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa, *qʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʷa
*qʷa
*qʷa, *qʷaʔ, *ɢʷa
*qʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa, *ɢʷas
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷla
*ɢʷaʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ū/ī - literary;
  • ō͘ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a-s/
English taro (Colocasia antiquorum?)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15720
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. taro
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 芋頭 (“taro”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 芋頭
Mandarin Beijing 芋頭
Taiwan 芋頭
Cantonese Guangzhou 芋頭
Hong Kong 芋頭
Taishan 芋頭
Gan Nanchang 芋頭
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 芋仔芋頭
Liudui (S. Sixian) 芋仔芋頭
Hsinchu (Hailu) 芋仔芋頭
Dongshi (Dabu) 芋頭芋卵
Zhuolan (Raoping) 芋仔芋頭芋卵
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 芋卵
Jin Taiyuan 芋頭
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei 芋仔
Kaohsiung 芋仔
Tainan 芋仔
Taichung 芋仔
Yilan 芋仔
Lukang 芋仔
Sanxia 芋仔
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu 芋仔
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 芋艿
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 芋頭芋子

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɣio/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15712
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷa/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 芋尹 (yùyǐn).

Japanese[edit]

5aday sweet potato.jpg

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いも, romaji imo)

  1. a potato; a sweet potato; a taro; a yam

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u, hu)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: u, hu, McCune-Reischauer: u, hu, Yale: wu, hwu)
    • Name (hangeul): 토란, (revised: toran, keul, McCune-Reischauer: t'oran, k'ŭl, Yale: tholan, khul)
  1. taro

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dụ, vu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.