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U+828B, 芋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-828B

[U+828A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+828C]
芋 U+2F990, 芋
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F990
芑
[U+2F98F]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 芝
[U+2F991]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿一木 (TMD) or X廿一木 (XTMD), four-corner 44401, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1018, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30670
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1476, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3174, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+828B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷa, *ɢʷas): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷa) – taro.

Etymology 1[edit]

Unclear. Shuowen suggests that the word arises from the startling size of the taro, leading Kai Xu to connect it to (OC *qʰʷa), which is the sound that one makes when one is startled. However, this seems to be folk etymology.

Compare Proto-Hmong-Mien *wouH (taro), Burmese (wa., elephant foot yam), Tibetan གྲོ་མ (gro ma, Potentilla anserina, a plant with small edible tubers). There are various theories on how all these words are related:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ō͘/ǒ͘ - vernacular;
  • ū/ī - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a-s/
    English taro (Colocasia antiquorum?)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 15720
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷas/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. taro
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦio/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣio/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣio/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 15712
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷa/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of grass) lush; luxuriant

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. large; great
    2. to have

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in 芋尹 (yǔyǐn).
    2. Alternative form of (, “to live; to reside”).

    Japanese[edit]

    5aday sweet potato.jpg

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): (u)
    • Kun: いも (imo, , Jōyō)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (いも) (imo

    1. a potato; a sweet potato; a taro; a yam

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (u, hu)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: u, hu, McCune–Reischauer: u, hu, Yale: wu, hwu)
      • Name (hangeul): 토란, (revised: toran, keul, McCune–Reischauer: t'oran, k'ŭl, Yale: tholan, khul)
    1. taro

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (dụ, vu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.