將軍

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See also: 将军 and 将軍

Chinese[edit]

 
a general; (will, shall, "future tense"); ready; prepared; to get; to use
army; military; arms
trad. (將軍)
simp. (将军)
anagram 軍將军将
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Etymology[edit]

First used in the state of Jin in Spring and Autumn period, where the army are controled by one of the leaders of six powerful vassal states (see Zhongjunjiang). Later it becomes a separate official position.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (13) (28)
Final () (105) (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨɐŋ/ /kɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɐŋ/ /kiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siɑŋ/ /kiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨaŋ/ /kun/
Li
Rong
/t͡siaŋ/ /kiuən/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭaŋ/ /kĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯aŋ/ /ki̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāng jūn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāng jūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjang › ‹ kjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]aŋ/ /*[k]ʷər/
English bring army; camp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 10286 7333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaŋ/ /*kun/

Noun[edit]

將軍

  1. (military) general (military rank)
  2. (literary) Alternative name for 硫黃硫黄 (liúhuáng, “sulfur”).
  3. (literary) Alternative name for 大黃大黄 (dàihuáng, “rhubarb”).
  4. (historical) shogun (supreme generalissimo of feudal Japan)

Usage notes[edit]

Note that the character here has a level-tone pronunciation (Mandarin: jiāng), not a departing-tone one (Mandarin: jiàng) as may be expected from the meaning of “general”. In fact, here means "to lead", not "general".

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (將軍):

Others:

Verb[edit]

將軍

  1. (chess, xiangqi) to check
  2. to put someone on the spot

Interjection[edit]

將軍

  1. (chess, xiangqi) check

Proper noun[edit]

將軍

  1. () Jiangjyun, Jiangjun (a rural village in Wangan, Penghu, Taiwan)
  2. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of 將軍 – see the following entry.
将軍しょうぐん
[noun] (military) a commander of troops, especially of an expeditionary or frontline force
[noun] (military) Synonym of 将官 (shōkan): a general officer
[noun] (military, historical) a shogun, supreme generalissimo of feudal Japan
(This term, 將軍, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

將軍 (janggun) (hangeul 장군)

  1. Hanja form? of 장군.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

將軍

  1. Hán tự form of tướng quân.