将軍

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See also: 將軍 and 将军

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 6
ぐん
Grade: 4
kan’on kan’yōon
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Etymology[edit]

/sʲaːᵑ kun//ɕauɡun//ɕɔːɡun//ɕoːɡun/

From Middle Chinese compound 將軍 (MC t͡sɨɐŋ kɨun). Compare modern Min Nan 將軍 (chiong-kun), Min Dong 將軍 (ciŏng-gŭng).

The “shogun” sense is originally short for 征夷大将軍 (seii taishōgun, literally commander in chief of the expeditionary force to expel barbarians).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

将軍(しょうぐん) (shōgun (kyūjitai 將軍, historical kana しやうぐん)

  1. (military) a commander of troops, especially of an expeditionary or frontline force
  2. (military) Synonym of 将官 (shōkan): a general officer
  3. (military, historical) a shogun, supreme generalissimo of feudal Japan

Usage notes[edit]

In the modern military system, shōgun refers to any military officers who have the ranks ending in (-shō), for example: 大将 (taishō), 中将 (chūjō), 少将 (shōshō), and 准将 (junshō).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: shogun c
  • English: shogun
  • French: shogun m
  • Indonesian: syogun m
  • Italian: shogun m
  • Polish: szogun m
  • Portuguese: xogum

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN