将軍

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See also: 將軍 and 将军

Japanese[edit]

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Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 6
ぐん
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/syaugun//ɕaugun//ɕɔːgun/ɕoːgun

From Middle Chinese compound 将軍 ‎(tsjangH kjun, literally leader + army). Compare modern Min Nan chiong-kun, Minangkabau ciŏng-gŭng.

Noun[edit]

将軍 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 將軍, hiragana しょうぐん, romaji shōgun, historical hiragana しやうぐん)

  1. commander of troops
  2. (military) general
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

In modern military system, 将軍 refers to any military officers who have the ranks with the character , i.e. 大将 ‎(taishō), 中将 ‎(chūjō), 少将 ‎(shōshō), and 准将 ‎(junshō).

Etymology 2[edit]

From an abbreviation of 征夷大将軍 ‎(seii taishōgun), meaning “the general who overcomes the barbarians”.[2]

Noun[edit]

将軍 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 將軍, hiragana しょうぐん, romaji shōgun, historical hiragana しやうぐん)

  1. the supreme generalissimo of feudal Japan: the shogun

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan