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See also:
U+99D2, 駒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-99D2

[U+99D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+99D3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 187 +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸火心口 (SFPR), four-corner 77320, composition)

  1. colt
  2. fleet, swift
  3. sun
  4. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1436, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1960, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4549, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+99D2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
駒-bronze.svg 駒-silk.svg 駒-seal.svg 駒-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ko): semantic  (horse) + phonetic  (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuə̆/
Li
Rong
/kio/
Wang
Li
/kĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7094
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ko/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foal (young horse)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
こま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こま, rōmaji koma)

  1. (rare) horse
  2. (shogi, chess) piece; man
    • 2003 August 15, Anzai, Nobuyuki, “AKTアクト.12/ チェスの [AKT.12/ The Chessmen]”, in MÄRメル MÄRCHEN AWAKENS ROMANCE [MÄR: MÄRCHEN AWAKENS ROMANCE], volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 50:
      チェスのコマ
      すうねんまえ
      ——このメルヘヴンをれようとするものたちがあらわれた。きょうあくÄRMアームあやつせんとうしゅうだんチェスの」‼なんにんものÄRMアーム使づかいたちがおうせんし、きずつきながらもチェスのせんりょくいでいった。
      Chesu noKoma?
      Sūnen mae—— kono Meruhevun o te ni ireyō to suru mono-tachi ga arawareta. Kyōaku Āmu o ayatsuru sentō shūdan “Chesu no Koma”‼ Nannin mo no Āmu-zukai-tachi ga ōsenshi, kizutsuki nagara mo Chesu no senryoku o soide itta.
      The… Chessmen?
      A couple of years ago——they rose up and took over this Märheaven. With the help of all sorts of heinous ÄRMs, they were a group of fighters known as the “Chessmen”‼ But together, all other ÄRM users struck back, and eventually mitigated the Chess’s power.
  3. (music) bridge (piece on string instruments)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(câu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.