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See also:
U+99D2, 駒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-99D2

[U+99D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+99D3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 187, +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸火心口 (SFPR), four-corner 77320, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1436, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1960, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4549, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+99D2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
駒-bronze.svg 駒-silk.svg 駒-seal.svg 駒-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ko): semantic (horse) + phonetic (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo).

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit घोट (ghoṭa), घोड (ghoḍa) (see घोटक (ghoṭaka) for Indo-Aryan descendants), which has been borrowed into many Sino-Tibetan languages; cognate with Proto-Tani *kɯ, Mizo sa-kawr (STEDT).

Alternatively, Wang (1982) relates this to (OC *koːʔ, “dog; puppy”), (OC *kluː, “lamb”), 𤘽 (“calf”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuə̆/
Li
Rong
/kio/
Wang
Li
/kĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7094
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ko/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foal (young horse)
  2. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (ku)
  • Kan-on: (ku)
  • Kun: こま (koma, , Jōyō)

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
こま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

() (ko, child) + () (ma, horse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こま) (koma

  1. (rare) foal; young horse (or generally) horse
  2. (shogi, chess) piece; man
    • 2013, Habu Yoshiharu: Shōgi-shi o nuri-kaeta otoko [Yoshiharu Habu: The man who changed the face of shogi history], page 88:
      ポーンは(いっ)()(なな)めにある(こま)()ることができます。
      Pōn wa ippo naname ni aru koma o toru koto ga dekimasu.
      A pawn can take a piece that is one step away diagonally.
  3. someone controlled by another; pawn; puppet
  4. (music) bridge (piece on string instruments)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(câu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.