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See also:
U+99D2, 駒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-99D2

[U+99D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+99D3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 187 +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸火心口 (SFPR), four-corner 77320, composition)

  1. colt
  2. fleet, swift
  3. sun
  4. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1436, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1960, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4549, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+99D2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
駒-bronze.svg 駒-silk.svg 駒-bigseal.svg 駒-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
koː, *koːs
koː
koː, *ɡo
koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
koː, *koːs, *ɡo
koːʔ
koːʔ
koːʔ, *ko
koːʔ
koːʔ
koːʔ
豿 koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
koːʔ
koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
koːs
kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
qʰoː
qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
qʰoːs
qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
qʰoːs
ko
ko
ko
ko
ko
ko
koʔ, *kos
kos, *ɡo
kos
ɡo
ɡo
ɡo
ɡo
ɡo
ɡo
ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
qʰo, *qʰoʔ
qʰoʔ
qʰoʔ, *qʰos
qʰos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ko): semantic  (horse) + phonetic  (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuə̆/
Li
Rong
/kio/
Wang
Li
/kĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7094
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ko/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foal (young horse)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
こま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こま, rōmaji koma)

  1. (rare) horse
  2. (shogi, chess) piece; man
    • 2003 August 15, Anzai, Nobuyuki, “AKTアクト.12/ チェスの [AKT.12/ The Chessmen]”, in MÄRメル MÄRCHEN AWAKENS ROMANCE [MÄR: MÄRCHEN AWAKENS ROMANCE], volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-126442-5, page 50:
      チェスのコマ
      すうねんまえ
      ——このメルヘヴンをれようとするものたちがあらわれた。きょうあくÄRMアームあやつせんとうしゅうだんチェスの」‼なんにんものÄRMアーム使づかいたちがおうせんし、きずつきながらもチェスのせんりょくいでいった。
      Chesu noKoma?
      Sūnen mae—— kono Meruhevun o te ni ireyō to suru mono-tachi ga arawareta. Kyōaku Āmu o ayatsuru sentō shūdan “Chesu no Koma”‼ Nannin mo no Āmu-zukai-tachi ga ōsenshi, kizutsuki nagara mo Chesu no senryoku o soide itta.
      The… Chessmen?
      A couple of years ago——they rose up and took over this Märheaven. With the help of all sorts of heinous ÄRMs, they were a group of fighters known as the “Chessmen”‼ But together, all other ÄRM users struck back, and eventually mitigated the Chess’s power.
  3. (music) bridge (piece on string instruments)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(câu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.