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U+52FE, 勾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52FE

[U+52FD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52FF]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 20 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心戈 (PI), four-corner 27720, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 150, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2500
  • Dae Jaweon: page 339, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 256, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+52FE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Variant/corruption of (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo), via . In present form (hook) + .

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: gau1 - rare (due to homophony with ).
Note: gău - “to bracket (e.g. a sentence)”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəw/
Li
Rong
/ku/
Wang
Li
/kəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤ(r)o/
English curved

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 7061
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bend; to curve; to crook; to hook
  2. to draw; to delineate
  3. to tick; to mark; to tick off
  4. to cut off or cut out; to strike out; to cross out
  5. to collude; to conspire
  6. to entice; to induce; to attract
  7. to catch; to arrest
  8. (cooking) to mix thoroughly to make something thicken
  9. to get; to call; to summon
  10. (mathematics, historical) shorter leg of a right-angled triangle

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwH/
Li
Rong
/kuH/
Wang
Li
/kəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤ(r)ok-s/
English loan for 彀 draw a bow to the full

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 7079
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. trap; trick
  2. Alternative form of (gòu, “to be enough; to be sufficient; to reach; can”).
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu, gwi) (hangeul , , revised gu, gwi, McCune-Reischauer ku, kwi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(câu, cấu, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.