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See also:
U+67B8, 枸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67B8

[U+67B7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67B9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木心口 (DPR), four-corner 47920, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 517, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14588
  • Dae Jaweon: page 905, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1186, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+67B8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
枸-silk.svg 枸-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo).

Etymology[edit]

“bent; crooked”
Cognate with (OC *koː, “hook”), (OC *koː, “to hook”), (OC *kʰoɡ, “bent”).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwX/
Li
Rong
/kuX/
Wang
Li
/kəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǒu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 7071
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 枸杞 (gǒuqǐ) and 枸骨.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (28)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/kioX/
Wang
Li
/kĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k](r)oʔ/
English (a kind of tree)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 7100
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Hovenia (probably Hovenia acerba)
  2. Alternative form of (, “betel; Piper betle”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəw/
Li
Rong
/ku/
Wang
Li
/kəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 7066
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. crooked; bent
  2. intertwined roots

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cẩu, , cử)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]