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U+67B9, 枹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67B9

[U+67B8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67BA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木心口山 (DPRU), four-corner 47912, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 517, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14589
  • Dae Jaweon: page 906, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1187, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+67B9

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
枹-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*buː
*buː, *buːs
*buː
*buːʔ
*buːs, *mɯnʔ
*buːs
*pruː
*pruː
*pruː, *pʰruː
*pruː
*pruː, *bu, *bu
*pruːʔ
*pʰruː, *m̥ʰruːs, *bruː
*pʰruːs, *bruː
*pʰruːs, *bruːs
*pʰruːs, *bruːs
*bruː, *bruːɡ
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː, *bruːs
*bruː, *bruːɡ
*bruː, *pʰruːɡ
*bruː, *bruːʔ, *bruːs, *pʰruːɡ
*bruːʔ
*bruːʔ, *bruːs, *bruːɡ, *pʰoːɡ
*bu
*bruːɡ
*bruːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pruː, *bu, *bu): semantic  (tree) + phonetic  (OC *pruː).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (1)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/pau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨw/
Li
Rong
/pau/
Wang
Li
/pau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bāo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 276
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pruː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Quercus serrata

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (3)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/biu/
Shao
Rongfen
/biəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buw/
Li
Rong
/biu/
Wang
Li
/bĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b](r)u/
English drum stick

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 305
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “drum stick”).
  2. Used in 枹薊枹蓟.

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (3)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/bio/
Shao
Rongfen
/bio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buə̆/
Li
Rong
/bio/
Wang
Li
/bĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 306
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 枹罕.

Etymology 4[edit]

Compare paau.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “which language?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Bei, Min Dong) pomelo

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 柚子 (“pomelo”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 柚子
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 柚子
Taiwan 柚子
Harbin 柚子
Shenyang 柚子
Jinan 柚子
Xi'an 柚子
Xuzhou 柚子
Lanzhou 柚子
Ürümqi 柚子
Wuhan 柚子
Chengdu 柚子氣柑
Guiyang 橙子柚子
Liuzhou 柚子
Kunming 柚子
Yangzhou 柚子文旦
Nanjing 柚子文旦
Hefei 柚子
Cantonese Guangzhou 碌柚
Hong Kong 碌柚
Shunde 碌柚
Foshan 碌柚
Zhongshan 布碌
Dongguan 禾碌
Hong Kong (Weitou) 碌柚
Taishan 補碌
Doumen 波碌
Kaiping 補碌
Shaoguan 碌柚
Yunfu 奔碌
Yangjiang 㯷子
Danzhou 厚皮柑
Kuala Lumpur 碌柚波碌
Gan Nanchang 柚子
Lichuan 橙仔
Pingxiang 橙子
Hakka Meixian 柚仔
Luchuan 羅暴
Changting 柚哩
Wuping 橙柑
Ninghua
Yudu 大柑子大柑柑子
Ruijin 柚子
Shicheng 橙子
Shangyou 柚仔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 柚仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 柚仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 柚仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 柚仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 柚子
Hong Kong 碌仔
Senai
Jin Taiyuan 柚子
Xinzhou 柚子
Min Bei Jian'ou 橘泡大橘
Songxi 大橘
Jianyang 大橘
Wuyishan 香丸
Min Dong Fuzhou
Changle
Fuqing 文旦
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an 老枹
Ningde 𩈈
Shouning 老枹
Zhouning 老枹𩈈
Fuding 老枹
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen 柚仔
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou 柚仔
Taipei 柚仔
Kaohsiung 柚仔
Tainan 柚仔
Taichung 柚仔
Hsinchu 柚仔
Lukang 柚仔
Sanxia 柚仔
Yilan 柚仔
Kinmen
Magong
Penang 柚仔
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Leizhou 甘枹橘紅
Puxian Min Putian
Pinghua Nanning 㯷子
Wu Shanghai 文旦
Suzhou 文旦
Wuxi 文旦
Hangzhou 柚子
Wenzhou 文旦
Chongming 文旦
Danyang 文旦
Jinhua 柚子
Tangxi 泡兒
Ningbo 文旦香泡
Xiang Changsha 柚子
Shuangfeng 橙子

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ばち
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ばち, katakana バチ, rōmaji bachi)

  1. drum stick for instruments such as the taiko and gong

Related terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]