Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+6A58, 橘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A58

[U+6A57]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A59]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木弓竹月 (DNHB), four-corner 47927, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 553, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15551
  • Dae Jaweon: page 942, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1297, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6A58

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
橘-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷilʔ, *qʰʷids, *qʰʷiːd
*ɡʷeŋ
*kʷriːd, *kʷreːd
*kʷriːd, *ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷiːd
*kʷiːd, *ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷiːd
*kʷiːd
*ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷid
*kʷid, *ɢʷid
*qʰʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: kiat/kit - vernacular (俗), 桔 is used in Taiwan.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕyn²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /kɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kut̚³²/
/kiat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (52)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiuɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kjuet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwit̚/
Li
Rong
/kiuĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭuĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjwit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s.k]ʷi[t]/
English orange (tangerine?)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16015
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷid/

Definitions[edit]

  1. tangerine

Usage notes[edit]

See .

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
たちばな
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

/tadibana//tatibana//tat͡ɕibana/

Named after 田道間守 (Tajimamori, Tajimamori), a legendary figure mentioned in the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki; purportedly bringing back certain fruits, but not directly as tachibana by name.

Shortened to tachi for some compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たちばな, katakana タチバナ, rōmaji tachibana)

  1. Citrus tachibana, a species of wild, green, inedible citrus fruit native to Japan
    Synonym: 大和橘 (Yamato tachibana)
    Hypernym: 蜜柑 (mikan)
  2. Synonym of 唐橘 (kara-tachibana): the trifoliate orange, Citrus trifoliata, formerly Poncirus trifoliata
  3. (historical) generic name for citrus fruits, usually eaten raw
  4. name of a 家紋 (kamon, family crest), with designs of tachibana flowers, fruits, and leaves
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

(hiragana たちばな, rōmaji Tachibana)

  1. Short for 橘氏 (Tachibana uji): name of an ancient clan, who often held high-ranking positions in the medieval Japanese court
  2. name of one of two destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Japanese destroyer Tachibana on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )
  3. name of a class of destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II (see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Matsu-class destroyer on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )
  4. A surname​.

(hiragana たち, rōmaji Tachi)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kiuɪt̚).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana きち, rōmaji Kichi)

  1. a surname​.

(hiragana きつ, rōmaji Kitsu)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyul) (hangeul , revised gyul, McCune–Reischauer kyul, Yale kyul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quất, quít, quầng, quắt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.