蜜柑

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
みつ > みっ
Grade: S
かん
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Probably from Middle Chinese compound 蜜柑. Compare modern Mandarin reading mìgān.

Obsolete reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜜柑 (hiragana みっかん, romaji mikkan)

  1. (obsolete) a mandarin orange, Citrus unshiu (fruit)
  2. (obsolete) citrus fruit in general

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/mikkan//mikan/

Shift in pronunciation from mikkan above. This change occurred sometime after the 1603 publication of the Japanese-Portuguese Nippo Jisho[1], which still lists the reading as mikkan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜜柑 (hiragana みかん, katakana ミカン, romaji mikan)

  1. a mandarin orange, Citrus unshiu (fruit)
  2. citrus fruit in general
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ミカン.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1603, 日葡辞書 (Nippo Jisho): Vocabulario da Lingoa de Iapam (in Portuguese), Nagasaki: Society of Jesus
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9