Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木弓人廿 (DNOT), four-corner 42918, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 553, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15552
  • Dae Jaweon: page 942, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1297, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6A59

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /təŋ³¹²/
/ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰaŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ³⁵/
/t͡sʰiam³⁵/
/t͡sʰiaŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰeŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (11)
Final: (117)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chéng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɣɛŋ/ /ɖɯæŋ/ /ȡɐŋ/ /ɖəɨjŋ/ /ȡɛŋ/ /ȡæŋ/ /ȡʱæŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (5)
Final: (129)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dèng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/təŋH/ /təŋH/ /təŋH/ /təŋH/ /təŋH/ /təŋH/ /təŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chéng ‹ drɛng › /*[d]ˤrəŋ/ citrus tree (Shuōwén)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2179 0 /*tɯːŋs/
2200 0 /*rdɯːŋ/

Noun[edit]

  1. orange (the tree)
  2. orange (the fruit)
  3. orange (the color)

Japanese[edit]

Citrus aurantium.jpg

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana だいだい, romaji daidai)

  1. orange; bitter orange

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(deung, jeung) (hangeul , , revised deung, jeung, McCune-Reischauer tŭng, chŭng, Yale tung, cung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chanh, tranh, vân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]