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U+6A59, 橙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A59

[U+6A58]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A5A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木弓人廿 (DNOT), four-corner 42918, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 553, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15552
  • Dae Jaweon: page 942, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1297, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6A59

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ, *dɯːŋs
*tɯːŋ, *tɯːŋs, *tʰɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ, *tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs, *rdɯːŋ
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tʰɯːŋ
*tʰɯːŋ
*dɯːŋs, *dɯŋ, *rdɯŋ
*dɯːŋs
*dɯːŋs, *tʰɯŋ
*tʰɯŋs
*dɯŋ, *dɯŋs, *rdɯːŋ
*dɯŋ, *rdɯŋ, *rdɯːŋ
*tjɯŋʔ
*tjɯŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tɯːŋs, *rdɯːŋ): semantic  (tree; wood) + phonetic  (OC *tɯːŋ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiâm/chhiâng - vernacular;
  • têng - literary.
Note: 3zan - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /təŋ³¹²/
/ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰaŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ³⁵/
/t͡sʰiam³⁵/
/t͡sʰiaŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰeŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (11)
Final () (117)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠɛŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚæŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡɐŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖəɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȡɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȡæŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱæŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ drɛng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˤrəŋ/
English citrus tree (Shuōwén)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2200
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rdɯːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. orange (the tree)
  2. orange (the fruit) (Classifier: c;  c)
  3. orange (the color)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Citrus aurantium.jpg

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana だいだい, katakana ダイダイ, rōmaji daidai)

  1. orange; bitter orange

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(deung, jeung) (hangeul , , revised deung, jeung, McCune-Reischauer tŭng, chŭng, Yale tung, cung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chanh, tranh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]