Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+6A59, 橙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A59

[U+6A58]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A5A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木弓人廿 (DNOT), four-corner 42918, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 553, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15552
  • Dae Jaweon: page 942, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1297, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6A59

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ, *dɯːŋs
*tɯːŋ, *tɯːŋs, *tʰɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ, *tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs, *rdɯːŋ
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tʰɯːŋ
*tʰɯːŋ
*dɯːŋs, *dɯŋ, *rdɯŋ
*dɯːŋs
*dɯːŋs, *tʰɯŋ
*tʰɯŋs
*dɯŋ, *dɯŋs, *rdɯːŋ
*dɯŋ, *rdɯŋ, *rdɯːŋ
*tjɯŋʔ
*tjɯŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tɯːŋs, *rdɯːŋ): semantic  (tree; wood) + phonetic  (OC *tɯːŋ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiâm/chhiâng - vernacular;
  • têng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note: 3zan - vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /təŋ³¹²/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡zeŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰaŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ³⁵/
    /t͡sʰiam³⁵/
    /t͡sʰiaŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛiŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰaŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰeŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (117)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠɛŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚæŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡɐŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖəɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡæŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱæŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chéng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chéng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drɛng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]ˤrəŋ/
    English citrus tree (Shuōwén)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 2200
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rdɯːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. orange (the tree)
    2. orange (the fruit) (Classifier: c;  c)
    3. orange (the color)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“bench, stool; chair”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. bitter orange

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Citrus aurantium.jpg
    Kanji in this term
    だいだい
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    Thought to be derived from 代代 (daidai, many generations), from the way bitter orange fruits never fall down, even in winter, until picked.[1][2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana だいだい, katakana ダイダイ, rōmaji daidai)

    1. the bitter orange, Citrus × aurantium
      Synonym: 橙橘 (tōkitsu)
      Hyponyms: 枸櫞 (kabuchi), 臭橙 (kabusu)
      Hypernym: 蜜柑 (mikan)
    2. (by extension) Short for 橙色 (daidai-iro): the color orange

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (deung, jeung) (hangeul , , revised deung, jeung, McCune–Reischauer tŭng, chŭng, Yale tung, cung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chanh, tranh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]