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U+5438, 吸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5438

[U+5437]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5439]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +4 in Chinese, 口+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 7 strokes, in Japanese 6 strokes, cangjie input 口弓竹水 (RNHE), four-corner 67047, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 179, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3372
  • Dae Jaweon: page 397, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 594, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5438

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
趿 *sqʰɯːb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰrɯb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰaːb
*sqʰɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb, *kʰab
*skʰrɯːb
*skʰrɯːb, *ɡrab, *ɡab, *ɡrɯb
*ɡrab, *kab
*ɡrab, *ɡab
*ɡab
*sqʰrɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*ɡrɯb
*ŋɡrɯb
*qʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰrɯb): semantic (mouth) + phonetic (OC *ɡrɯb) – to inhale through the mouth. Note that 及 originally derives from “grab”, hence connotations of “grab through the mouth, inhale”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hip - literary;
  • khip - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕi⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi³¹/
/ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
/ɕi²¹/
Kunming /ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /ɕiʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/ 呼~
/t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/ 水~了
Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰip̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐp̚⁵/
Nanning /kʰɐp̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰɐp̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hip̚³²/
/kʰip̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰip̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/hᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hjip̚/
Li
Rong
/xjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/xĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xip ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ(r)əp/
English inhale

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5667
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰrɯb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to suck (in)
    塵器 / 尘器  ―  chénqì  ―  vacuum cleaner
  2. to smoke
    /   ―  yān  ―  to smoke cigarettes
    大麻  ―  dàmá  ―  to smoke marijuana
  3. to absorb
    油紙 / 油纸  ―  yóuzhǐ  ―  facial oil blotting paper

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(heup) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cộp, cạp, hấp, hớp, húp, hút)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.