吸う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese,[1] from Proto-Japonic *supu. Cognate with Okinawan 吸ぷゆん (shipuyun).

Likely an onomatopoeia. Compare Middle Korean ᄲᆞᆯ〮다〮 (spóltá, to suck), Middle Chinese (MC xip, “to suck”), Proto-Austronesian *-sep (to suck), Proto-Indo-European *sewg- (to suck), etc.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "吸う"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
吸う [sùú]
Imperative (命令形) 吸え [sùé]
Key constructions
Passive 吸われる われる [sùwárérú]
Causative 吸わせる わせる [sùwásérú]
Potential 吸える える [sùérú]
Volitional 吸おう [sùóꜜò]
Negative 吸わない わない [sùwánáí]
Negative perfective 吸わなかった わなかった [sùwánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 吸います いま [sùímáꜜsù]
Perfective 吸った った [sùttá]
Conjunctive 吸って って [sùtté]
Hypothetical conditional 吸えば [sùéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (suuすふ (sufu)?transitive godan (stem () (sui), past ()った (sutta))

  1. to inhale
  2. to smoke (tobacco or other drugs)
    タバコを()ってもいいですか。
    Tabako o sutte mo ii desu ka.
    Is it okay to smoke?
  3. to suck
  4. to absorb

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2010) Koreo-Japonica: A Re-Evaluation of a Common Genetic Origin[2], University of Hawai’i Press, →ISBN, →JSTOR, page 179
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.