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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷaːs): phonetic  ‎(OC *kʷaːs, *ɡʷaːʔ) + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +12, 21 strokes, cangjie input 竹土一月金 (HGMBC) or 戈土一月金 (IGMBC), four-corner 31286, composition)

  1. look back
  2. look at
  3. look after
  4. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1409, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43689
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1928, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4392, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+9867

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (23)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuoH/ /kuoH/ /koH/ /kɔH/ /koH/ /kuH/ /kuoH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kuH › /*[k]ʷˤaʔ-s (~ *[k]ʷˤaʔ)/ look around

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5293 0 /*kʷaːs/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cố)

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