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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(fire)

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 火火 (FF), four-corner 90809, composition火)

  1. flame, blaze
  2. hot

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 667, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18910
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1076, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2193, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+708E

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (炎), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 鹽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 于廉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦiᴇm/ /i̯ɛm/ /ɣiɛm/ /ɦiɛm/ /ɦiam/ /ɣĭɛm/ /ɣjæm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ hjem › /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)am/ burn, blazing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14315 1 /*ɦlam/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 炎暑 ‎(えんしょ, ensho)
  • 炎症 ‎(えんしょう, enshō)
  • 炎上 ‎(えんじょう, enjō)
  • 炎帝 ‎(えんてい, entei)
  • 炎天 ‎(えんてん, enten)
  • 炎涼 ‎(えんりょう, enryō)
  • 火炎 ‎(かえん, kaen)
  • 虫垂炎 ‎(ちゅうすいえん, chūsuien)
  • 気炎 ‎(きえん, kien)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほのお
Grade: S
kun'yomi

ponopo > ɸonoɸo > ɸonowo > honoo > honoː. A compound of ho ‎(fire) + no ‎(genitive) + ho ‎(ear, head).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほのお, romaji honō, historical hiragana ほのほ)

  1. flame; blaze
    • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 5 (front))
      保乃保

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana えん, romaji -en)

  1. (medicine) -itis, an inflammation

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 1979 [1079], Hiroshi Tsukishima, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3099-7:

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeom) (hangeul , revised yeom, McCune-Reischauer yŏm, Yale yem)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viêm, văn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.