Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+708E, 炎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-708E

[U+708D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+708F]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 火火 (FF), four-corner 90809, composition火)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 667, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18910
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1076, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2193, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+708E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'oːmʔ, *l'aːm, *l'aːms
*l̥ʰaːm, *l̥ʰaːmʔ, *l̥ʰjam
*l̥ʰaːmʔ
*l̥ʰaːmʔ
*l̥ʰaːmʔ, *l̥ʰjam, *l̥ʰjams
*l̥ʰaːms
*l̥ʰaːms, *hljamʔ
*l̥ʰaːms
*l'aːm
*l'aːm
*l'aːm, *l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms
*l'aːm
*l'aːm, *l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms, *lamʔ
*l'aːm
*l'aːm
*l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms
*l'aːms
*ɦljamʔ, *lamʔ
*hljamʔ
*hljams
*ɦlam
*lamʔ
*lamʔ
*lamʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (fire) + (fire).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚiɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦjiam/
Li
Rong
/ɣjɛm/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjem ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)am/
English burn, blazing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14315
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦlam/

Definitions[edit]

  1. flame; blaze; rising flame
  2. to burn; to blaze
  3. blazing; burning hot; scorching
  4. red; bright red
  5. (figuratively) power and influence
  6. (TCM) inflammation
  7. (mythology) Yan Emperor (ancient legendary Chinese ruler)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ほのお
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

ponopo > ɸonoɸo > ɸonowo > honoo > honoː. Compound of (ho, fire) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ho, ear, head).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほのお, romaji honō, historical hiragana ほのほ)

  1. flame
    • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 5 (front))
      保乃保

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana えん, romaji -en)

  1. (medicine) -itis; inflammation

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 978-4-7629-3099-7, published 1979.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeom) (hangeul , revised yeom, McCune-Reischauer yŏm, Yale yem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viêm, văn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.