patronize

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

People patronizing (sense 4) a supermarket in Shingū, Wakayama, Japan

From patron +‎ -ize (verb ending); or from Old French patroniser, from Medieval Latin patronisāre (to lead a galley as patron).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

patronize (third-person singular simple present patronizes, present participle patronizing, simple past and past participle patronized)

  1. (transitive) To make a patron.
  2. (transitive) To act as a patron; to defend, protect, or support.
    Synonyms: enpatron (obsolete), patrocinate (obsolete)
  3. (transitive) To assume a tone of unjustified superiority; to talk down to, to treat condescendingly.
    Synonyms: condescend, infantilize
  4. (transitive) To make oneself a customer of a business, especially a regular customer.

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Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James A. H. Murray [et al.], editor (1884–1928), “Patronize, v.”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), volume VII (O–P), London: Clarendon Press, OCLC 15566697, page 563, column 1.

Anagrams[edit]