Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2018/October

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2018
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1[edit]

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Word of the day for October 1
ageful adj
  1. Aged, elderly, old.
  2. (rare) Eternal, everlasting.
PointingHand.svg Today is recognized by the United Nations as the International Day of Older Persons to raise awareness about issues affecting the elderly, such as ageing and elder abuse.
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2[edit]

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Word of the day for October 2
Chanakya n
  1. (India) A shrewd politician or, in general, a cunning person; a Machiavelli.
PointingHand.svg Today is Gandhi Jayanti, a national festival celebrated in India to mark the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi in 1869.
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3[edit]

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Word of the day for October 3
sowl v
  1. (transitive) To pull (especially an animal) by the ears; to drag about.
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4[edit]

5[edit]

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Word of the day for October 5
plesionym n
  1. (linguistics) A word that is almost a synonym but which has a slightly different meaning.
PointingHand.svg Today is recognized by the United Nations as World Teachers’ Day to highlight the rights and responsibilities of teachers around the world.
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6[edit]

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Word of the day for October 6
virtuous circle n
  1. A situation in which the solution to one problem makes each future problem easier to solve than the original one.
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7[edit]

8[edit]

9[edit]

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Word of the day for October 9
acute adj
  1. Brief, quick, short.
  2. High or shrill.
  3. Sensitive.
  4. Urgent.
  5. (botany) With the sides meeting directly to form an acute angle (at an apex or base).
  6. (geometry) Of an angle, less than 90 degrees.
  7. (geometry) Of a triangle, having all three interior angles measuring less than 90 degrees.
  8. (medicine) Of an abnormal condition of recent or sudden onset, in contrast to delayed onset; this sense does not imply severity, unlike the common usage.
  9. (medicine) Of a short-lived condition, in contrast to a chronic condition; this sense also does not imply severity.
  10. (orthography) After a letter of the alphabet: having an acute accent.
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10[edit]

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Word of the day for October 10
ferrule n
  1. A band or cap (usually metal) placed around a shaft to reinforce it or to prevent splitting.
    1. (specifically, climbing) The metal spike at the end of the shaft of an ice axe.
  2. A band holding parts of an object together.
    1. A bushing for securing a pipe joint.
    2. A metal sleeve placed inside a gutter at the top.
    3. (billiards) The plastic band attaching the tip to the cue.
    4. (painting) The pinched metal band which holds the bristles of a paintbrush to the shaft.
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11[edit]

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Word of the day for October 11
main adj
  1. Of chief or leading importance; prime, principal.
  2. Chief, most important, or principal in extent, size, or strength; consisting of the largest part.
  3. Of force, strength, etc.: full, sheer, undivided.
  4. (dialectal) Big; angry.
  5. (nautical) Belonging to or connected with the principal mast in a vessel.
  6. (obsolete) Great in size or degree; important, powerful, strong, vast.
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12[edit]

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Word of the day for October 12
good egg n
  1. (Britain, informal, dated) A good person, someone to be trusted; a friend.
PointingHand.svg Today in 2018 is celebrated as World Egg Day by the International Egg Commission.
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13[edit]

14[edit]

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Word of the day for October 14
troth n
  1. (countable, archaic) An oath, pledge, or promise.
  2. (countable, specifically) A pledge or promise to marry someone.
  3. (countable, specifically) The state of being thus pledged; betrothal, engagement.
  4. (uncountable) Truth.
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15[edit]

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Word of the day for October 15
mickle adv
  1. (archaic, now chiefly Scotland) To a great extent.
  2. (obsolete) Frequently, often.
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16[edit]

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Word of the day for October 16
aquaponics n
  1. (agriculture) A sustainable food production system that combines traditional aquaculture with hydroponics, with effluent from the water in which fish are reared being used as nutrition for plants.
PointingHand.svg Today is recognized by the United Nations as World Food Day to highlight the importance of food security and good nutrition, and the need for action against hunger.
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17[edit]

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Word of the day for October 17
wheelie n
  1. (informal) A stunt where a bicycle, motorcycle, or other vehicle is ridden for a short period while it is standing only on its rear wheel or wheels.
  2. (informal, chiefly Australia) A wheelchair user.
PointingHand.svg American motorcycle stunt performer Evel Knievel was born on this day 80 years ago in 1938.
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18[edit]

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Word of the day for October 18
demimonde n
  1. (chiefly historical (19th-century France)) A class of women maintained by wealthy protectors; female courtesans or prostitutes as a group.
  2. (by extension) A group having little respect or reputation.
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19[edit]

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Word of the day for October 19
list v
  1. (transitive) To create or recite a list.
  2. (transitive) To place in listings.
  3. (transitive) To sew together, as strips of cloth, so as to make a show of colours, or to form a border.
  4. (transitive) To cover with list, or with strips of cloth; to put list on; to stripe as if with list.
  5. (transitive, agriculture) To plough and plant with a lister.
  6. (transitive, agriculture, chiefly Southern US) To prepare (land) for a cotton crop by making alternating beds and alleys with a hoe.
  7. (transitive, carpentry) To cut away a narrow strip, as of sapwood, from the edge of.
  8. (transitive, military) To enclose (a field, etc.) for combat.
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To engage a soldier, etc.; to enlist.
  10. (intransitive, obsolete) To engage in public service by enrolling one's name; to enlist.
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20[edit]

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Word of the day for October 20
potsherd n
  1. (often archaeology) A piece of ceramic from pottery, often found on an archaeological site.
PointingHand.svg Today, the third Saturday of October in 2018, is International Archaeology Day.
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21[edit]

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Word of the day for October 21
tattle v
  1. (intransitive) To chatter; to gossip.
  2. (intransitive, Canada, US, derogatory) Often said of children: to report incriminating information about another person, or a person's wrongdoing; to tell on somebody.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To speak like a baby or young child; to babble, to prattle; to speak haltingly, to stutter.
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22[edit]

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Word of the day for October 22
corkage n
  1. A fee charged by a restaurant to serve wine that a diner has provided.
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23[edit]

24[edit]

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Word of the day for October 24
false negative n
  1. A result of a test that shows as absent something that is present.
  2. (statistics) A type II error.
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25[edit]

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Word of the day for October 25
patronize v
  1. (transitive) To make a patron.
  2. (transitive) To act as a patron; to defend, protect, or support.
  3. (transitive) To assume a tone of unjustified superiority; to talk down to, to treat condescendingly.
  4. (transitive) To make oneself a customer of a business, especially a regular customer.
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26[edit]

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Word of the day for October 26
widow's mite n
  1. (idiomatic) A very small gift or donation which, however, represents a great sacrifice on the part of the giver.
  2. (numismatics) The lepton coin.
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27[edit]

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Word of the day for October 27
fruitless adj
  1. Bearing no fruit; barren.
  2. (figuratively) Unproductive, useless.
  3. (figuratively, archaic) Of a person: unable to have children; barren, infertile.
  4. (rare) Of a diet, etc.: without fruit.
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28[edit]

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Word of the day for October 28
Skyriot n
  1. One of the inhabitants of the Greek island of Skyros.
PointingHand.svg Today is Ohi Day (Anniversary of the “No”) in Greece, which marks the rejection by Ioannis Metaxas of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini’s ultimatum in 1940 during World War II to allow Axis forces to enter Greek territory.
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29[edit]

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Word of the day for October 29
shunt v
  1. (transitive) To cause to move (suddenly), as by pushing or shoving; to give a (sudden) start to.
  2. (transitive) To divert to a less important place, position, or state.
  3. (transitive) To provide with a shunt.
  4. (transitive, computing) To move data in memory to a physical disk.
  5. (transitive, electricity) To divert electric current by providing an alternative path.
  6. (transitive, rail transport) To move a train from one track to another, or to move carriages, etc. from one train to another.
  7. (transitive, chiefly road transport, informal, Britain) To have a minor collision, especially in a motor car.
  8. (transitive, surgery) To divert the flow of a body fluid.
  9. (transitive, obsolete, Britain, dialectal) To turn aside or away; to divert.
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30[edit]

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Word of the day for October 30
talaria n
  1. (Roman mythology) The winged sandals worn by certain gods and goddesses, especially Mercury (and his Greek counterpart Hermes).
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31[edit]

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Word of the day for October 31
wendigo n
  1. (mythology) A malevolent and violent cannibal spirit found in Anishinaabe, Ojibwe, and Cree mythology, which is said to inhabit the body of a living person and possess him or her to commit murder.
PointingHand.svg Boo! Happy Halloween!
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