abrasive

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

abrase +‎ -ive

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈbɹeɪ.sɪv/, /əˈbɹeɪ.zɪv/

Adjective[edit]

abrasive (comparative more abrasive, superlative most abrasive)

  1. Producing abrasion; rough enough to wear away the outer surface. [First attested in 1805.]
  2. Being rough and coarse in manner or disposition; causing irritation. [First attested in 1925.]
    An abrasive person can grate on one's sensibilities.
    Despite her proper upbringing, we found her manners to be terribly abrasive.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

abrasive (plural abrasives)

  1. A substance or material such as sandpaper, pumice, or emery, used for cleaning, smoothing, or polishing. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][1]
  2. (geology) Rock fragments, sand grains, mineral particles, used by water, wind, and ice to abrade a land surface.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “abrasive” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-19-860457-0, page 7.

French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abrasive

  1. feminine singular of abrasif

German[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abrasive

  1. inflected form of abrasiv

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abrasive f pl

  1. feminine plural of abrasivo

Anagrams[edit]