τραχύς

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *tʰrākʰús (whence Mycenaean Greek 𐀲𐀨𐀐𐀹(𐀊) (ta-ra-ke-wi-(-ja-))), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰréh₂gʰ-us ~ *dʰr̥h₂gʰ-éws (rough), from *dʰreh₂gʰ- (to irritate).[1] Compare θρᾱ́σσω (thrā́ssō).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /traː.kʰýs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /traˈkʰys/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /traˈxys/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /traˈçys/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /traˈçis/
  • Adjective[edit]

    τρᾱχῠ́ς (trākhúsm (feminine τρᾱχεῖᾰ, neuter τρᾱχῠ́); first/third declension

    1. jagged
    2. prickly
    3. rugged
    4. rough
    5. shaggy
    6. (of the voice of boys) cracking
    7. harsh
      1. (of a person)
      2. (of sounds)
      3. (of battle and conflict)
      4. (of natural forces)
    8. (of persons, their acts, feelings, or conditions), rough, harsh, savage

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “τρᾱχύς”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1501-1502
    2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “θρᾱ́σσω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 553

    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek τρᾱχύς (trākhús)

    Adjective[edit]

    τραχύς (trachýsm (feminine τραχιά or τραχεία, neuter τραχύ)

    1. abrasive, of coarse manner, gruff, grating

    Declension[edit]