Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2018/July

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1[edit]

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Word of the day for July 1
tortoni n
  1. Any of several sorts of ice-cream flavoured with rum or sherry, often containing chopped cherries and topped with almonds, crumbled macaroons, etc.

PointingHand.svg July is National Ice Cream Month in the United States, which was first celebrated in 1984 following Presidential Proclamation 5219 issued by Ronald Reagan.

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2[edit]

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Word of the day for July 2
self-referential adj
  1. That or who refers to itself or oneself.
  2. (specifically) In a literary work: referring to the author or the author's other works.
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3[edit]

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Word of the day for July 3
mythos n
  1. Anything transmitted by word of mouth, such as a fable, legend, narrative, story, or tale (especially a poetic tale).
  2. A story or set of stories relevant to or having a significant truth or meaning for a particular culture, religion, society, or other group; a myth, a mythology.
  3. (by extension) A set of assumptions or beliefs about something.
  4. (literature) A recurring theme; a motif.
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4[edit]

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Word of the day for July 4
moccasin n
  1. A traditional Native North American shoe, usually without a heel or sole, made of a piece of deerskin or other soft leather turned up at the edges which are either stitched together at the top of the shoe, or sewn to a vamp (a piece covering the top of the foot).
  2. A modern shoe with either a low or no heel resembling a traditional Native American moccasin in that the leather forming the sides of the shoe is stitched at the top.
  3. A light beige colour, like that of a moccasin.
    moccasin colour:  
  4. Any of several North American snakes of the genus Agkistrodon, particularly the copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) and the cottonmouth or water moccasin (Agkistrodon piscivorus).

PointingHand.svg Today is celebrated as Independence Day in the United States.

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5[edit]

6[edit]

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Word of the day for July 6
behove v
  1. (transitive, formal) To befit, to suit.
  2. (transitive, formal) To be necessary for (someone).
  3. (transitive, formal) To be in the best interest of; to benefit.
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7[edit]

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Word of the day for July 7
cirque n
  1. (geology) A curved depression in a mountainside with steep walls, forming the end of a valley.
  2. (dated or literary) Something in the shape of a circle or ring, such as a Roman circus.

PointingHand.svg The Canadian entertainment company Cirque du Soleil was founded on this day in 1984.

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8[edit]

9[edit]

10[edit]

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Word of the day for July 10
faze v
  1. (transitive, informal) To frighten or cause hesitation; to daunt, put off (usually used in the negative); to disconcert, to perturb.
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11[edit]

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Word of the day for July 11
acquis n
  1. Short for acquis communautaire.
    1. (law) The accumulated legislation, legal acts, and court decisions which constitute the total body of European Union law.
    2. (international law) The accumulated legislation and decisions of any international community.

PointingHand.svg The first session of the European Parliament after it became a directly elected body was held on this day in 1979. The Parliament exercises the lawmaking function of the European Union, and thus contributes towards the EU’s acquis.

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12[edit]

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Word of the day for July 12
shrill adj
  1. High-pitched and piercing.
  2. Having a shrill voice.
  3. Sharp or keen to the senses.
  4. (figuratively, derogatory) Especially of a complaint or demand: fierce, loud.
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13[edit]

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Word of the day for July 13
regmaglypt n
  1. (astronomy, geology) A small, shallow indentation or pit on the surface of a meteorite, resembling a thumbprint impression in clay, created by ablation while falling in an atmosphere.
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14[edit]

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Word of the day for July 14
chasse-café n
  1. (dated) A small serving of spirits taken to remove the taste of coffee, tobacco, etc.

PointingHand.svg Happy Bastille Day from all of us at the Wiktionary!

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15[edit]

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Word of the day for July 15
man-mark v
  1. (transitive, sports) To mark an opposition player closely.

PointingHand.svg The final of the 2018 FIFA World Cup between Croatia and France takes place today at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia.

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16[edit]

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Word of the day for July 16
champagne n
  1. (countable, uncountable) A sparkling white wine made from a blend of grapes, especially Chardonnay and pinot, produced in Champagne, France, by the méthode champenoise.
  2. (countable, uncountable, informal) Any sparkling wine made with the méthode champenoise.
  3. (countable, uncountable, informal) Any sparkling white wine.
  4. (countable) A glass of champagne.
  5. (countable) A very pale brownish-gold colour, similar to that of champagne.
    champagne colour:  

PointingHand.svg Allez Les Bleus! France won the 2018 FIFA World Cup 4–2 against Croatia at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia, yesterday.

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17[edit]

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Word of the day for July 17
emoji n
  1. A digital graphic icon with a unique code point used to represent a concept or object, originally used in Japanese text messaging but since adopted internationally in other contexts such as social media.

PointingHand.svg Today is unofficially celebrated as World Emoji Day. 👍

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18[edit]

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Word of the day for July 18
prowess n
  1. (uncountable) Skillfulness and manual ability; adroitness or dexterity.
  2. (uncountable) Distinguished bravery or courage, especially in battle; heroism.
  3. (countable) An act of prowess.
    1. An act of adroitness or dexterity.
    2. An act of distinguished bravery or courage; a heroic deed.
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19[edit]

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Word of the day for July 19
crowd in on v
  1. (transitive, idiomatic) To join when not wanted; to force one's way into a situation where one is unwelcome.
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20[edit]

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Word of the day for July 20
lucre n
  1. Money, riches, or wealth, especially when seen as having a corrupting effect or causing greed, or obtained in an underhanded manner.
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21[edit]

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Word of the day for July 21
bluff out v
  1. (transitive) To deceive (someone) in order to convince them to give up.
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22[edit]

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Word of the day for July 22
forex n
  1. Short for foreign exchange.

PointingHand.svg On this day in 1944, the Bretton Woods agreement was signed, establishing rules, institutions, and procedures to regulate the international monetary system.

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23[edit]

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Word of the day for July 23
maverick n
  1. An unbranded range animal.
  2. (by extension) Anything dishonestly obtained.
  3. (by extension) One who is unconventional or does not abide by rules.
  4. (by extension) One who creates or uses controversial or unconventional ideas or practices.
  5. (military) A person in the military who became an officer by going to college while on active duty as an enlisted person.
  6. (poker slang) A queen and a jack as a starting hand in Texas hold 'em.

PointingHand.svg Texas lawyer and politician Samuel Maverick, whose name is the source of the word, was born on this day 215 years ago in 1803.

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24[edit]

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Word of the day for July 24
tank up v
  1. (transitive, intransitive, Canada, US) To fill up (for example, a tank in a vehicle with gas, petrol, etc.).
  2. (transitive, intransitive, slang) To intoxicate (especially with alcohol).
  3. (intransitive) To install a tank.
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25[edit]

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Word of the day for July 25
mink n
  1. (plural mink or minks) Any of various semi-aquatic, carnivorous mammals in the Mustelinae subfamily, similar to weasels, with dark fur, native to Europe and America, of which two species in different genera are extant: the American mink (Neovison vison) and the European mink (Mustela lutreola).
  2. (plural mink) The fur or pelt of a mink, used to make apparel.
  3. (plural minks) An article of clothing made of mink.
  4. (slang, derogatory, Scotland) (plural minks) An individual with poor personal hygiene; a smelly person.
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26[edit]

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Word of the day for July 26
sassywood n
  1. A form of trial by ordeal in Liberia, typically involving a suspect drinking a poisonous concoction made from the bark of the ordeal tree Erythrophleum guineense, Erythrophleum ivorense, or Erythrophleum suaveolens (called sassy bark); by extension, other forms of trial by ordeal such as applying a heated machete to the suspect's legs, or dipping the suspect's hand into hot oil.
  2. The ordeal tree itself, the bark of which is used in the sassywood procedure.

PointingHand.svg The Republic of Liberia declared independence on this day in 1847.

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27[edit]

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Word of the day for July 27
fetial adj
  1. Of or relating to a fetial (member of the Roman college of priests who acted as representatives in disputes with foreign nations); (by extension) ambassadorial, heraldic.
  2. Concerned with declarations of war and treaties of peace.

PointingHand.svg The Korean Armistice Agreement, which brought about a cessation of hostilities of the Korean War, was signed on this day 65 years ago in 1953.

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28[edit]

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Word of the day for July 28
numinous adj
  1. Of or relating to a numen (divinity); indicating the presence of a divinity.
  2. Evoking a sense of the mystical, sublime, or transcendent; awe-inspiring.
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29[edit]

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Word of the day for July 29
deadfall n
  1. (uncountable, Canada, US) Coarse woody debris; deadwood.
    1. (countable, specifically) A fallen tree.
  2. (countable, Canada, US, hunting) A kind of trap for animals, consisting of a heavy board or log that falls on to the prey.
  3. (countable, US, slang) A cheap, rough bar or saloon.
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30[edit]

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Word of the day for July 30
memory lane n
  1. (idiomatic, sometimes capitalized) A set of recollections available to be reviewed, especially accompanied by a feeling of nostalgia.

PointingHand.svg “Good morning, yesterday / You wake up and time has slipped away []” Canadian singer-songwriter Paul Anka, whose 1975 song “Times of Your Life” began with those words, was born on this day in 1941.

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31[edit]

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Word of the day for July 31
adret n
  1. (geography) The sun-facing side of a mountain.

PointingHand.svg The summit of K2, the second-highest mountain in the world, was successfully reached by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli on this day in 1954, though under controversial circumstances.

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