See also: Gramarye
- (obsolete) Grammar; learning.
1835 April, “Tour of Oliver Yorke’s Rhyming Cousin”, in Fraser’s Magazine for Town and Country, volume XI, number LXIV, London: James Fraser, 215 Regent Street, OCLC 73210235, page 405:
- […] I dearly love to climb / Time's ladder, and identify / Myself with worthies long gone by – / And Lucerne seems (at least to me) / Fit circle for such gramarye; […]
- (archaic) Mystical learning; the occult, magic, sorcery.
1765, Thomas Percy, compiler, “King Estmere”, in Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of Our Earlier Poets, (Chiefly of the Lyric Kind.) Together with Some Few of Later Date, volume I, London: Printed for J[ames] Dodsley in Pall-Mall, OCLC 519493226, lines 143–146, page 64:
- My mother was a weſterne woman / And learned in gramaryè, / And when I learned at the ſchole, / Something ſhee taught itt me.
1805, Walter Scott, The Lay of the Last Minstrel: A Poem, 2nd edition, London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, Paternoster-Row, and A. Constable and Co., Edinburgh, by James Ballantyne, Edinburgh, OCLC 670135565, canto III, stanza XI, page 81:
- And, but that stronger spells were spread, / And the door might not be opened, / He had laid him on her very bed. / Whate'er he did of gramarye [footnote: Magic.], / Was always done maliciously. / He flung the warrior on the ground, / And the blood welled freshly from the wound.
1814, “The Book of Heroes. Book Second. Of Hughdietrich, and His Son Wolfdietrich.”, in [Henry William Weber, Robert Jamieson, and Walter Scott], editors, Illustrations of Northern Antiquities, from the Earlier Teutonic and Scandinavian Romances; being an Abstract of the Book of Heroes, and Nibelungen Lay; with Translations of Metrical Tales, from the Old German, Danish, Swedish, and Icelandic Languages; with Notes and Dissertations, Edinburgh: Printed by James Ballantyne and Co. for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, London; and John Ballantyne and Co., Edinburgh, OCLC 960875005, adventure IX, page 80:
- She took a spell of grammary, and threw it on the knight: / Still he stood, and moved not: (I tell the tale aright:) / She took from him his falchion, unlac'd his hauberk bright. / Mournfully Wolfdietrich cried, "Gone is all my might. […]"
1836, Henry F[othergill] Chorley, chapter II, in Memorials of Mrs. Hemans: With Illustrations of Her Literary Character from Her Private Correspondence. [...] In Two Volumes, volume II, London: Saunders and Otley, Conduit Street, OCLC 990813898, pages 58–59:
- Had I possessed any power of ‘gramarye,’ you would certainly have found yourself all of a sudden transported through the air.
1836, Lord Teignmouth [i.e., Charles John Shore Teignmouth], “St. Andrew’s, Cathedral, Castle, Churches, University, Education, Clergy, Harbour, Bell-Rock Light-house, Fifeshire”, in Sketches of the Coasts and Islands of Scotland, and of the Isle of Man; Descriptive of the Scenery, and Illustrative of the Progressive Revolution in the Economical, Moral and Social Condition of the Inhabitants of Those Regions. In Two Volumes, volume II, London: John W[illiam] Parker, West Strand, OCLC 964734256, page 131:
- Whilst a tale of gramary, or love, will draw thousands to Melrose or Loch Katrine, few are willing to read the history of Popish ascendency, or Protestant reformation, amidst the ruins of St. Andrew's.
1885, Richard F[rancis] Burton, transl., “Tale of the Trader and the Jinni. [The First Shaykh’s Story.]”, in The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night: A Plain and Literal Translation of the Arabian Nights Entertainments, volume I, [s.l.]: Privately printed by the Burton Club, OCLC 31195259, page 28:
- But the daughter of my uncle (this gazelle) had learned gramarye and egromancy and clerkly craft from her childhood; so she bewitched that son of mine to a calf, and my handmaid (his mother) to a heifer, and made them over to the herdsman's care.
1973, Susan Cooper, The Dark is Rising, London: Chatto & Windus, OCLC 614578300; republished London: Vintage Books, 2013, ↑ISBN, pages 151–152:
- But there is one book that is the reason why you have come back to this century. It is the book from which you will learn your place as an Old One, and there are no words to describe how precious it is. The book of hidden things, of the real magic. Long ago, when magic was the only written knowledge, our business was called simply Knowing. But there is far too much to know in your day, on all subjects under the sun. So we use a half-forgotten word, as we Old Ones ourselves are half-forgotten. We call it "gramarye".
- T. B. W. Reid (1949), “Grammar, Grimoire, Glamour, Gomerel”, in Fraser Mackenzie, R. C. Knight, and J. M. Milner, editors, Studies in French Language Literature and and History: Presented to R. L. Græme Ritchie, Cambridge: At the University Press, OCLC 2992728; 1st paperback edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015, ↑ISBN, page 181.