Moscow

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Old East Slavic Москов- (Moskov-), originally referring to the Moskva River, probably from Proto-Slavic *mosky of unknown origin. Perhaps related to Czech moskva (raw bread), Slovak mozga (puddle), Polish Mozgawa, and more distantly Latvian mazgāt (to wash, rinse), Sanskrit मज्जति (májjati, to sink), Latin mergō (to dive).[1], all from Proto-Indo-European *mesg- (to plunge, dip). Cognate with Russian промозглый (promozglyj, dank).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Moscow

  1. A federal city, the capital and largest city of Russia.
    • 1917, Anton Chekhov, Constance Garnett, transl., The Darling and Other Stories[1], Project Gutenberg, published 9 September 2004, →ISBN, page 71:
      The mother, Ekaterina Pavlovna, who at one time had been handsome, but now, asthmatic, depressed, vague, and over-feeble for her years, tried to entertain me with conversation about painting. Having heard from her daughter that I might come to Shelkovka, she had hurriedly recalled two or three of my landscapes which she had seen in exhibitions in Moscow, and now asked what I meant to express by them.
    • 2005, Clinton, Bill, My Life[2], volume II, New York: Vintage Books, →ISBN, OCLC 60594427, OL 8364562M, page 49:
      I was inclined to accept Yeltsin's invitation to go to Russia, but Tony Lake said Moscow shouldn't be my first foreign stop, and the rest of my team said it would divert attention from our domestic agenda.
  2. Moscow Oblast, an oblast of Russia, surrounding the city of Moscow.
  3. (metonymically, politics) The government of Russia or the Soviet Union.
    Synonym: Kremlin
    • 1956, Truman, Harry S., Memoirs of Harry S. Truman: Years of Trial And Hope[3], volume II, Doubleday & Company, OCLC 1036705143, pages 345-346:
      I could not agree with the tactics or approach of those who, like Chiang Kai-shek in a speech on July 3, 1950, wanted the U.N. to charge the Russians with the full responsibility for this Korean conflict and to demand that Moscow put an end to it. This kind of bluster is certain to lead into an impossible dilemma. If these suggestions had been followed and the Soviets had ignored the order, as in all likelihood they would have done, either the United Nations would have stood convicted of weakness or World War III would have been on.
    • 1987, Shelomoh Naḳdimon, First strike: the exclusive story of how Israel foiled Iraq's attempt to get the bomb[4], page 40:
      Moscow said "Nyet!"
    • 1997, Mervin Block, Writing Broadcast News: Shorter, Sharper, Stronger[5], →ISBN, page 154:
      Yet, a few US newscasters will go on the air at 6 pm or later and say, "Moscow said tonight.["] ... A careful writer would make his script read, "Moscow said today. ..."
    • 2009, Svante E. Cornell, S. Frederick Star, The Guns of August 2008: Russia's War in Georgia[6], →ISBN, page 184:
      In addition, Moscow argued that Georgia had violated international law by introducing its forces into South Ossetia, a move Moscow said Tbilisi had committed itself not to do under the earlier CIS-sponsored peacekeeping arrangements.
  4. A large number of places in the United States:
    1. An unincorporated community in Marengo County, Alabama.
    2. An unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Arkansas.
    3. A city, the county seat of Latah County, Idaho; probably named after the Russian city.
    4. An unincorporated community in Orange Township, Rush County, Indiana.
    5. An unincorporated community in Muscatine County, Iowa.
    6. A tiny city in Stevens County, Kansas; said to be named after Luis de Moscoso Alvarado, a Spanish explorer.
    7. An unincorporated community in Hickman County, Kentucky.
    8. A small town in Somerset County, Maine.
    9. An unincorporated community and census-designated place in Allegany County, Maryland.
    10. An unincorporated community in Freeborn County, Minnesota.
    11. An unincorporated community in Kemper County, Mississippi.
    12. A village in Clermont County, Ohio; said to be named by French veterans of the Battle of Borodino (near Moscow, Russia).
    13. A ghost town in Licking County, Ohio.
    14. A borough of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania.
    15. A small city in Fayette County, Tennessee; named after Mosgo, a Cherokee chief.
    16. An unincorporated community in Polk County, Texas.
    17. An unincorporated community in the town of Stowe, Lamoille County, Vermont.
    18. An unincorporated community in Hancock County, West Virginia.
    19. A small town in Iowa County, Wisconsin; named after the Mascouten tribe.
  5. A hamlet east of Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire council area, Scotland (OS grid ref NS4840).
  6. (MLE, slang) A nickname for Brandon Estate, a social housing estate in Southwark, Central London.

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Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “Moscow”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress