numen

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin nūmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

numen (plural numina)

  1. a divinity, especially a local or presiding god
    • 1671, Ralph Cudworth, The True Intellectual System of the Universe, Chapter 4:
      The Egyptians were doubtless the most singular of all the Pagans, and the most oddly discrepant from the rest in their manner of worship; yet nevertheless, that these also agreed with the rest in those fundamentals of worshipping one supreme and universal Numen ...
    • 1965, Thomas Pynchon, The Crying of Lot 49:
      Where were Secretaries James and Foster and Senator Joseph, those dear daft numina who’d mothered over Oedipa’s so temperate youth?
    • 1985, Anthony Burgess, Kingdom of the Wicked:
      It was the solid and immovable tabernacle of the living numen whose son he had known, though but briefly and not intimately, in the flesh, and whose message he accepted with all his heart.

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Can be simply an action noun of *nuō, for *nuimen, from *nuō + -men, thus meaning "a nodding with the head", "a nod", "command", "will" (as nūtus), with the particular meaning of "the divine will", "the will or power of the gods", "divine sway".
  • Others suggest the Ancient Greek word νοούμενον (nooúmenon) ("an influence perceptible by mind but not by senses"), from νοέω (noéō), was borrowed into Early Latin as the word noumen, whose spelling changed to numen in Classical Latin.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nūmen n (genitive nūminis); third declension

  1. a nod of the head
  2. divine sway or will
  3. divine power or right
  4. divinity

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative nūmen nūmina
genitive nūminis nūminum
dative nūminī nūminibus
accusative nūmen nūmina
ablative nūmine nūminibus
vocative nūmen nūmina

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Erasmus, Desiderius ♦ Collected Works of Erasmus University of Toronto Press, 1985, p. 415
  2. ^ Riccioli, Giovanni Battista ♦ Prosodia Bononiensis Reformata Typis Seminarii Patavii, 1714, p. 47

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

numen

  1. past participle of niman

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin numen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnumen/, [ˈnumẽn]

Noun[edit]

numen m (plural númenes)

  1. numen
  2. muse (source of inspiration)

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]