- phase (see notes)
From English dialectal (Kentish) feeze, feese (“to alarm, discomfit, frighten”), from Middle English fēsen (“to chase, drive away; put to flight; discomfit, frighten, terrify”), from Old English fēsan, fȳsan (“to send forth; to hasten, impel, stimulate; to banish, drive away, put to flight; to prepare oneself”), from Proto-Germanic *funsijaną (“to predispose, make favourable; to make ready”), from Proto-Indo-European *pent- (“to go; to walk”). The word is cognate with Old Norse fýsa (“to drive, goad; to admonish”), Old Saxon fūsian (“to strive”).
Citations for faze in the Oxford English Dictionary start in 1830, and usage was established by 1890.
- (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: fāz, IPA(key): /feɪz/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Homophone: phase
- Rhymes: -eɪz
- (transitive, informal) To frighten or cause hesitation; to daunt, put off (usually used in the negative); to disconcert, to perturb. [from mid 19th c.]
- Jumping out of an airplane does not faze him, yet he is afraid to ride a roller coaster.
- 1990, “Assessment”, in Broadening the Base of Treatment for Alcohol Problems: Report of a Study by a Committee of the Institute of Medicine, Division of Mental Health and Behavioral Medicine, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, →ISBN, section III (Aspects of Treatment), pages 252–253:
- Some individuals "can't hold their liquor" and become thoroughly intoxicated on small amounts of alcohol which would not faze most social drinkers.
- 2017 November 10, Daniel Taylor, “Youthful England earn draw with Germany but Lingard rues late miss”, in The Guardian, London, archived from the original on 28 March 2018:
- Gonçalves, Manuel, Capeverdean Creole-English dictionary, 2015, →ISBN