From Middle English shunten, schunten, schonten, schounten, shont, shonte, shount, shounten, shunte (“to move rapidly or suddenly, jerk; to swerve, turn away; to avoid, dodge, escape, evade”), either:
- possibly a back-formation from Middle English shǒnen (“to decline to do, refuse; to abandon, forsake; to disdain, dislike, hate; to avoid, escape; to be afraid, fear; to be wary of”), from Old English scunian, scynigan; or
- an alteration of Middle English shunden, *schunden, *schinden, from Old English scyndan, scendan (“to hasten, hurry”) (as in āscyndan (“to remove, take away”), from Proto-Germanic *skundijaną (“to compel, drive, push; to accelerate, rush, speed up”), from Proto-Indo-European *sku(n)t-, *ku(n)t- (“to rattle; to shake”).
The English word is cognate with Danish skynde (“to hasten, hurry, speed”), Icelandic skynda, skunda (“to hasten”), Middle High German schünden (“to compel; to urge; to irritate”), Norwegian skynde (“to hurry, rush”), Swedish skynda (“to hasten, hurry; to scuttle, scurry”). Outside Germanic, compare Albanian shkund (“to shake; to swig”).
- (transitive) To cause to move (suddenly), as by pushing or shoving; to give a (sudden) start to.
- (transitive) To divert to a less important place, position, or state.
- (transitive) To provide with a shunt.
- to shunt a galvanometer
- (transitive, computing) To move data in memory to a physical disk.
- (transitive, electricity) To divert electric current by providing an alternative path.
- (transitive, rail transport) To move a train from one track to another, or to move carriages, etc. from one train to another.
- (transitive, chiefly road transport, informal, Britain) To have a minor collision, especially in a motor car.
- (transitive, surgery) To divert the flow of a body fluid.
- (transitive, obsolete, Britain, dialectal) To turn aside or away; to divert.
shunt (plural shunts)
- An act of moving (suddenly), as due to a push or shove.
- (electricity) A connection used as an alternative path between parts of an electrical circuit.
- (firearms) The shifting of the studs on a projectile from the deep to the shallow sides of the grooves in its discharge from a shunt gun.
- (rail transport) A switch on a railway used to move a train from one track to another.
- (chiefly road transport, informal, Britain) A minor collision between vehicles.
- (surgery) A passage between body channels constructed surgically as a bypass.
- ^ “shunten, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 5 July 2018.
- ^ “shǒnen, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 5 July 2018.
- ^ “shunt, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 5 July 2018.
- shunt (electrical) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- shunt (medical) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- shunting (rail) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- shunt (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia