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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English schoven, shoven, schouven, from Old English scūfan, from Proto-West Germanic *skeuban, from Proto-Germanic *skeubaną, from Proto-Indo-European *skewbʰ-.

See also West Frisian skowe, Low German schuven, Dutch schuiven, German schieben, Danish skubbe, Norwegian Bokmål skyve, Norwegian Nynorsk skuva; also Lithuanian skùbti ‘to hurry’, Polish skubać ‘to pluck’, Albanian humb ‘to lose.'


  • enPR: shŭv, IPA(key): /ʃʌv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌv


shove (third-person singular simple present shoves, present participle shoving, simple past shoved or (obsolete) shave, past participle shoved or (obsolete) shoven)

  1. (transitive) To push, especially roughly or with force.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 12, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      So, after a spell, he decided to make the best of it and shoved us into the front parlor. 'Twas a dismal sort of place, with hair wreaths, and wax fruit, and tin lambrekins, and land knows what all
    • 1470–1485 (date produced), Thomas Malory, “(please specify the chapter)”, in [Le Morte Darthur], (please specify the book number), [London: [] by William Caxton], published 31 July 1485, →OCLC; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur [], London: David Nutt, [], 1889, →OCLC:
      The ship was anon shoven in the sea.
  2. (intransitive) To move off or along by an act of pushing, as with an oar or pole used in a boat; sometimes with off.
    • 1699, Samuel Garth, The Dispensary
      He grasped the oar, received his guests on board, and shoved from shore.
  3. (poker, by ellipsis) To make an all-in bet.
  4. (slang) To pass (counterfeit money).
Derived terms[edit]


shove (plural shoves)

  1. A rough push.
  2. (poker slang) An all-in bet.
  3. A forward movement of packed river-ice.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]




  1. (obsolete) simple past tense of shave