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From Middle English schoven, shoven, schouven, from Old English scūfan, from Proto-Germanic *skeubaną (compare West Frisian skowe, Low German schuven, Dutch schuiven, German schieben, Danish skubbe, Norwegian Bokmål skyve, Norwegian Nynorsk skuva), from Proto-Indo-European *skeubʰ- (compare Lithuanian skùbti ‘to hurry’, Polish skubać ‘to pluck’, Albanian humb ‘to lose’).



shove (third-person singular simple present shoves, present participle shoving, simple past shoved or (obsolete) shave, past participle shoved or (obsolete) shoven)

  1. (transitive) To push, especially roughly or with force.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 12, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      So, after a spell, he decided to make the best of it and shoved us into the front parlor. 'Twas a dismal sort of place, with hair wreaths, and wax fruit, and tin lambrekins, and land knows what all
    • (Can we date this quote by Thomas Malory and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The ship was anon shoven in the sea.
  2. (intransitive) To move off or along by an act of pushing, as with an oar or pole used in a boat; sometimes with off.
    • (Can we date this quote by Garth and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      He grasped the oar, received his guests on board, and shoved from shore.
  3. (poker, by ellipsis) To make an all-in bet.
  4. (slang) To pass (counterfeit money).

Derived terms[edit]



shove (plural shoves)

  1. A rough push.
    • (Can we date this quote by Jonathan Swift and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      I rested [] and then gave the boat another shove.
  2. (poker slang) An all-in bet.
  3. A forward movement of packed river-ice.

Derived terms[edit]