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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰuːl, *tʰjul): semantic  ‎(hand) + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjul) – push with the hand.

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手人土 (QOG), four-corner 50014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 439, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12284
  • Dae Jaweon: page 790, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1898, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+63A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰuei⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰuei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tʰuei²¹/
Jinan /tʰuei²¹³/
Qingdao /tʰue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tʰuei²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰuei²¹/
Xining /tʰuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰuei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tʰuei³¹/
Ürümqi /tʰuei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tʰuei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tʰuei⁵⁵/
Kunming /tʰuei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /tʰuəi³¹/
Hefei /tʰe²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuei¹¹/
Pingyao /tʰuæ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰuei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tʰe⁵³/
Suzhou /tʰe̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tʰui³³/
Wenzhou /tʰai³³/
Hui Shexian /tʰɛ³¹/
Tunxi /tʰə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰei³³/
Xiangtan /tʰəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /tʰui⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰui⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰøy⁵³/
Nanning /tʰui⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tʰøy⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰui⁵⁵/
/tu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰøy⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰo⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui²³/
/he²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (19)
Final: (16)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ch-
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ʃʰiuɪ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰʷi/ /t͡ʃʰjuɪ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /t͡ʃʰui/ /t͡ʃʰwi/ /ʈ͡ʂʰwi/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (6)
Final: (42)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tuī
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuʌi/ /tʰuoi/ /tʰuɒi/ /tʰwəj/ /tʰuᴀi/ /tʰuɒi/ /tʰuɑ̆i/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tuī ‹ thwoj › /*tʰˤuj/ push away

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17708 2 𨌴 /*tʰuːl/
17724 2 /*tʰjul/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to push

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chu, toe) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ch'u, t'oe, Yale chwu, thoy)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(suy, chui, thoi, thòi, thôi, tòi)

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