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See also:
U+63A8, 推
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-63A8

[U+63A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+63A9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手人土 (QOG), four-corner 50014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 439, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12284
  • Dae Jaweon: page 790, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1898, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+63A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lus, *rulʔ, *luls
*tuːl
*tuːl
*tuːls
*tʰuːl, *tʰjul
*tʰuːl, *tʰjul
*duːlʔ
*duːl
*stuːlʔ
*zluːl, *sʰluːl
*ŋreːl, *rulʔ
*dul
*dul
*tjul
*tjul
*kljul
*tjul
*sɢʷinʔ, *tjul
*djul
*djul

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰuːl, *tʰjul): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *tjul) – push with the hand.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thui/chhui - literary;
  • ther/the/tu - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Harbin /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰuei²¹/
    Jinan /tʰuei²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʰue²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /tʰuei²⁴/
    Xi'an /tʰuei²¹/
    Xining /tʰuɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /tʰuei³¹/
    Ürümqi /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /tʰei⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Kunming /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /tʰuəi³¹/
    Hefei /tʰe²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰuei¹¹/
    Pingyao /tʰuæ¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰuei³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /tʰe⁵³/
    Suzhou /tʰe̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /tʰui³³/
    Wenzhou /tʰai³³/
    Hui Shexian /tʰɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /tʰə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /tʰei³³/
    Xiangtan /tʰəi³³/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰui⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰui⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰøy⁵³/
    Nanning /tʰui⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /tʰøy⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰui⁵⁵/
    /tu⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰøy⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰo⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sui²³/
    /he²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (19) (6)
    Final () (16) (42)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰiuɪ/ /tʰuʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰʷi/ /tʰuoi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰjuɪ/ /tʰuɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /tʰwəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰui/ /tʰuᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰwi/ /tʰuɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /tʰuɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ch- tuī
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tuī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thwoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰˁuj/
    English push away

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 17708 17724
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𨌴
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰuːl/ /*tʰjul/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to push
    2. to postpone; to delay
    3. to prompt; to propel
    4. to infer; to deduce

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to push”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Harbin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Zhengzhou
    Xuzhou
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 宿𢱤
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 𢱤
    Xingning 𢱤
    Huidong 𢱤
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Changting 𢱤
    Pingyu 𢱤
    Wuping 𢱤
    Liancheng 𢱤
    Ninghua 𢱤
    Yudu 𢱤
    Ruijin 𢱤
    Shicheng 𢱤
    Shangyou 𢱤
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𢱤
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𢱤
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𢱤
    Dongshi (Dabu) 𢱤
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 𢱤
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𢳪
    Hong Kong 𢱤
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou 𢱤
    Min Dong Fuzhou 𢱤
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. conjecture

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chu, toe) (hangeul , , McCune–Reischauer ch'u, t'oe, Yale chwu, thoy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (suy, chui, thoi, thòi, thôi, tòi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.