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See also:
U+63A8, 推
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-63A8

[U+63A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+63A9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手人土 (QOG), four-corner 50014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 439, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12284
  • Dae Jaweon: page 790, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1898, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+63A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰuːl, *tʰjul): semantic (hand) + phonetic (OC *tjul) – push with the hand.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thui/chhui - literary;
  • ther/the/tu - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Harbin /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰuei²¹/
    Jinan /tʰuei²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʰue²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /tʰuei²⁴/
    Xi'an /tʰuei²¹/
    Xining /tʰuɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /tʰuei³¹/
    Ürümqi /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /tʰei⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Kunming /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /tʰuəi³¹/
    Hefei /tʰe²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰuei¹¹/
    Pingyao /tʰuæ¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰuei³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /tʰe⁵³/
    Suzhou /tʰe̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /tʰui³³/
    Wenzhou /tʰai³³/
    Hui Shexian /tʰɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /tʰə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /tʰei³³/
    Xiangtan /tʰəi³³/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰui⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰui⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰøy⁵³/
    Nanning /tʰui⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /tʰøy⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰui⁵⁵/
    /tu⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰøy⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰo⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sui²³/
    /he²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (19) (6)
    Final () (16) (42)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰiuɪ/ /tʰuʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰʷi/ /tʰuoi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰjuɪ/ /tʰuɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /tʰwəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰui/ /tʰuᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰwi/ /tʰuɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /tʰuɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ch- tuī
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ceoi1 teoi1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tuī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thwoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰˁuj/
    English push away

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 17708 17724
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𨌴
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰuːl/ /*tʰjul/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to push
      /   ―  shǒutuīchē  ―  pushcart
      /   ―  tuī kāi chuāng  ―  to push the windows open
    2. to postpone; to delay
      /   ―  tuīchí  ―  to postpone
    3. (figuratively) to put aside; to push away; to dismiss; to explain away
      / 诿  ―  tuīwěi  ―  to pass the buck
      /   ―  tuī  ―  to decline with an excuse
    4. to prompt; to propel
      /   ―  tuījìn  ―  to propel; to push forward
      波助瀾 / 波助澜  ―  tuībōzhùlán  ―  "to drive the billowing waves"; to add fuel to fire
    5. to promote; to advertise; to advocate
      / 广  ―  tuīguǎng  ―  to promote; to popularize
        ―  tuīchū  ―  to present
    6. to nominate; to recommend
      /   ―  tuījiàn  ―  to recommend
      /   ―  tuīxuǎn  ―  to nominate
      唐代詩人李杜 [MSC, trad.]
      唐代诗人李杜 [MSC, simp.]
      Tángdài shīrén shǒutuī lǐdù. [Pinyin]
      Li Bai and Du Fu are ranked the top among the Tang-era poets.
    7. to generalize; to broaden
      己及人  ―  tuījǐjírén  ―  to put oneself in someone's shoes
    8. to infer; to deduce
      /   ―  tuī  ―  to estimate; to infer
      /   ―  lèituī  ―  to infer by analogy
    9. to derive; to reason; to compute
      /   ―  tuīdǎo  ―  to derive
      /   ―  tuīlùn  ―  corollary
    10. to proceed; to succeed; to form a procession
        ―  tuī  ―  to proceed (in time)
    11. (Hong Kong, Internet slang) to bump a thread in support; to "push"
      Synonym: push

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. conjecture

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chu, toe) (hangeul , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: suy, chui, thoi, thòi, thôi, tòi

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.