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U+7A97, 窗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A97

[U+7A96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A98]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
12 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 116, +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十金竹田水 (JCHWE) or 十金竹田大 (JCHWK), four-corner 30608, composition(GJKV) or ⿱(HT))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 865, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25517
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1294, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2731, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+7A97

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰroːŋ) and ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic (hole) + phonetic (OC *sʰroːŋ, *sʰloːŋ, window).

Etymology[edit]

From circumstantial noun suffix *s- + (OC l̥ˤoŋ, “to penetrate”), literally "where light penetrates" (Baxter and Sagart, 2014).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: tong1* - as a standalone noun.
Note:
  • té̤ng - vernacular;
  • chó̤ng - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thang - vernacular;
    • chhong - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰuɑŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰuaŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /p͡fʰaŋ²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuɔ̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /p͡fʰɑ̃³¹/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰaŋ⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /suə¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰuɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰɑ̃⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷɑŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰyɔ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰo³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰau¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyan³³/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰɔn³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰuŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœŋ⁵⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɔŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰœŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /tʰaŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰouŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰœyŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰeŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (19)
    Final () (9)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰˠʌŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚɔŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰɔŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰɔŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰɔŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰɔŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chuāng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chuāng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsrhæwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-l̥ˁ<r>oŋ/
    English window

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1807
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰroːŋ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. window (Classifier: c;  c)
      /   ―  chuānglián  ―  window blinds
      打開 / 打开 [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 hoi1 go3 coeng1 [Jyutping]  ―  to open the window

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Korean: (, chang)
    • Vietnamese: song ()

    Others:

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    Readings[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    まど
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (まど) (mado

    1. Alternative spelling of

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chang) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (song)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.