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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
囪-oracle.svg 囪-bigseal.svg 囪-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形)- a windows closed with a shutter, or something similar.

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹田大大 (HWKK), four-corner 26000)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 217, character 13
  • Dae Jaweon: page 444, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 1, page 715, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+56EA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (14)
Final: (1)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: cōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰəwŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (19)
Final: (9)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chuāng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ʃʰɣʌŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯɔŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɔŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨwŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɔŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɔŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɔŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1818 0 /*sʰloːŋ/

Noun[edit]

  1. chimney, funnel

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chang, chong) (hangeul , , revised chang, chong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ang, ch'ong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(song, thông)

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